Статья 'Политическая доктрина и состав правящей партии. (Регулирование социального состава РКП (б) – ВКП (б) в 1920-е годы: цели, специфика, итоги).' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research

Political doctrine and composition of the ruling party (regulation of social composition of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) – All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks in 1920’s: goals, specificity, results)

Nikulin Viktor Vasil'evich

Doctor of History

Professor of the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law at Tambov State Technical University

Russia, 392000, Tambov, str. Sovetskaya, h.106

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Abstract: Based on the primary sources this article analyzed the complex of measures conducted by the Soviet leadership regarding the changes in social structure of the Communist Party over the period of 1920’s. The author examines the crisis phenomena in the party, which became evident in the early 1920’s, as well as determines their causes and consequences. The article explores the process of formulation of decisions by the supreme leadership of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) – All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks aimed at overcoming of the crisis phenomena in the party. It is defined that the key task of the actions taken in this direction consisted in strengthening of the social foundation of authority as the basis of domestic political stability. The author reveals the conceptual content of the process and forms of its manifestation along with the content and goals of particular measures of regulatory character pertaining to transformation of the social composition of the Communist Party, including purges of the party, “Lenin’s summon” into the party, as well as development of coarse criteria of formation of party’s composition, etc. The conclusion is made that the crucial consequence of the complex of measures taken in 1920’s on changing the social composition of the party, became the intensively developing process of division of the party members according to social estates – bureaucratic principle, creation of workforce potential of the government.

Keywords: Communist Party, Ideological dissension, Social classes, Nomenclature, Bureaucracy, Social composition, Lenin’s summon, Purge, Ruling party, Bolsheviks
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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