Статья 'Пенсионный стресс – как психофизиологический феномен.' - журнал 'Психология и Психотехника' - NotaBene.ru
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > Requirements for publication > Peer-review process > Article retraction > Ethics > Online First Pre-Publication > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy
Journals in science databases
About the Journal
Публикация за 72 часа - теперь это реальность!
При необходимости издательство предоставляет авторам услугу сверхсрочной полноценной публикации. Уже через 72 часа статья появляется в числе опубликованных на сайте издательства с DOI и номерами страниц.
По первому требованию предоставляем все подтверждающие публикацию документы!
MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Psychology and Psychotechnics

Retirement stress as a psychophysiological phenomenon

Berezina Tatiana Nikolaevna

Doctor of Psychology

professor of the Department of Scientific Basis of Extreme Psychology at Moscow State University of Psychology and Education.

123290, Russia, g. Moscow, nab. Shelepikhinskaya, 2a, aud. 508

Другие публикации этого автора




Review date:


Publish date:



The subject of this research is the retirement stress in its two forms: pre-retirement stress as an anticipation of retirement, and post-retirement as the feelings emerging after reaching retirement. The goal of this work consists in studying the dynamics of indicators of biopsychological age throughout nine stages of the human life cycle (between 25 and 85 years of age). The author explores change of indicators of the relative biological and psychological aging, namely during the periods preceding retirements and following right after. ANOVA dispersion analysis was applied for assessing the veracity of results. Activation of the relative biological aging is determined in the period preceding retirement and the following one; however, after reaching 71 years of age, it balances out and starts matching the biological norm. The author explained such phenomenon as a result of psychological stress experienced by a person during anticipation, and later transition, from one social environment into another. The research also demonstrated disaccord between biological and psychological aging: psychological age of a person does not change at the brink of retirement; however, during the retirement, both men and women start feeling psychologically older.

Keywords: pre-retirement stress, retirement stress, psychological age, biological age, retirement age, personal time, life path, personality, relative biological aging, psychological aging
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Aleksandrova, M.D. Starenie cheloveka i ego individual'nye proyavleniya / M. D. Aleksandrova // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Ser. 16. Psikhologiya. Pedagogika. — 2014. — № 2, S. 81—86.
Berezina T.N. Psikhobiologicheskie detektory povysheniya pensionnogo vozrasta v Rossii//Biopsikhologicheskii vozrast professionalov: rezul'taty i perspektivy issledovanii. Kollektivnaya monografiya. M.: Entsiklopedist-Maksimum, 2019. 13 – 24 s.
Boutari C., Mantzoros C.S.. Decreasing Lean Body Mass with Age: Challenges and Opportunities for Novel Therapies // Endocrinology and Metabolism(2017), 32 (4):422 http://dx.doi.org/10.3803/EnM.2017.32.4.422.
Werner C.M, Hecksteden A., Morsch A., Zundler J, Wegmann M., Kratzsch J., Thiery J., Hohl M. , Thomas Bittenbring J.T., Neumann F., Böhm M., Meyer T., Laufs U. (2018). Differential effects of endurance, interval, and resistance training on telomerase activity and telomere length in a randomized, controlled study. / European Heart Journal, Volume 40, Issue 1, 01 January 2019, P. 34–46,https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehy585 DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehy585.
Stellos K., Spyridopoulos I. Exercise, telomerase activity, and cardiovascular disease prevention // European Heart Journal, Volume 40, Issue 1, 01 January 2019, Pages 47–49,https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehy707.
Neupert S.D, Neubauer A. B, Scott S.B., Hyun J., Sliwinski M., J. Back to the Future: Examining Age Differences in Processes Before Stressor Exposure // The Journals of Gerontology: Series B , Volume 74, Issue 1, January 2019, Pages 1–6,https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gby074
Bamia C., Trichopoulou A., Trichopoulos D. Age at retirement and mortality in a general population sample: the Greek EPIC study // American Journal of Epidemiology. 2008. № 167 (5). P. 561–569.
Brockmann H., Muller R., Helmert U. Time to retire – Time to die? A prospective cohort study of the effects of early retirement on long-term survival // Social Science & Medicine. 2009. № 69. P. 160–164.
Karlsson N.E., Carstensen J.M., Gjesdal S., Alexanderson K.A. Mortality in relation to disability pension: findings from a 12-year prospective population-based cohort study in Sweden // Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 2007. № 35. P. 341–347.
Tsai S.P., Wendt J.K., Donnelly R.P., Geert de Jong, Farah S.A. Age at Retirement and Long Term Survival of an Industrial Population: Prospective Cohort Study // British Medical Journal. 2005.
Kuhn A., Wuellrich J.P., Zweimuller J. Fatal attraction? Access to early retirement and mortality. IZA Discussion Paper 5160. Institute for the Study of Labor, Bonn, Germany. 2010.
Haynes S.G., McMichael A.J., Tyroler H.A. Survival after early and normal retirement // Journal of Gerontology. 1978. № 33. P. 269–278.
Bingley P, Martinello A. Mental retirement and schooling // European Economic Review. 2013. № 63. P 292-298.
Bonsang E., Adam S., Perelman S. Does retirement affect cognitive functioning? // Journal of Health Economics. 2013. № 31. P 490-501/
Mazzonna F., Peracchi F. Ageing, cognitive abilities and retirement // European Economic Review. 2012. № 56. P 691-710.
Hülür G., Hertzog C., Pearman AM, Gerstorf D. (2015). Correlates and moderators of change in subjective memory and memory performance: findings from the health and retirement study .Gerontology 61 , 232–240. 10.1159/000369010 [ PubMed ] [ CrossRef ] [ Google Scholar ]/
Joo W., Kwak S., Youm Y., Chey J. (2017). Brain functional connectivity difference in the complete network of an entire village: the role of social network size and embeddedness . Sci. Rep. 7 :4465.10.1038/s41598-017-04904-1 [ PMC free article ] [ PubMed ] [ CrossRef ] [ Google Scholar ].
Dave D., Rashad R.I., Spasojevic J. The effects of retirement on physical and mental health outcomes // Southern Economic Journal. 2008. № 75. P. 761–782.
Abul'khanova K.A., Berezina T.N. Vremya lichnosti i vremya zhizni. SPb, “Aleteiya”, 2001, 304 s.
Strizhitskaya, O. Yu. Sovremennye problemy psikhologii stareniya /O. Yu. Strizhitskaya // Zdorovaya lichnost' / pod red. G. S. Nikiforova. — SPb.: Rech', 2013.-S. 336-355.
Antsyferova L. I. Razvitie lichnosti i problemy gerontopsikhologii. Izdanie 2-e, ispravlennoe i dopolnennoe. M.: Institut psikhologii Rossiiskoi akademii nauk, 2006, 415 s.
Druzhinin V.N. Psikhologiya obshchikh sposobnostei, M.: Nauka, 2007.
Stephan Y., Sutin AR, Terracciano A. (2016). Feeling older and risk of hospitalization: evidence from three longitudinal cohorts . Heal. Psychol. 35 , 634–637. 10.1037/hea0000335 [ PubMed ] [ CrossRef ] [ Google Scholar ]
Rabin LA, Smart CM, Amariglio RE (2017). Subjective cognitive decline in preclinical Alzheimer's disease . Annu. Rev. Clin. Psychol. 13 , 369–396. 10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045136 [ PubMed ] [ CrossRef ] [ Google Scholar ]
Tret'yakova E.A., Khasanova R.R. Vliyanie vykhoda na pensiyu na sostoyanie zdorov'ya pozhilykh: obzor zarubezhnykh issledovanii. // Vestnik NGUEU. 2018;(1):168-185.
Morris J.K., Cook D.G., Shaper A.G. Loss of employment and mortality // British Medical Journal. 1994. № 308. P. 1135–1139.
Berezina T.N., Mansurov E.I. Vliyanie stressogennykh faktorov na prodolzhitel'nost' zhizni letchikov-kosmonavtov // Voprosy psikhologii, 2015, № 3, s. 73-83/
Zhumanova B. Old people have a place. // Esquire Electronic Journal. April 19, 2018 / https://esquire.kz/starikam-tut-mesto (access date 08/16/2019).
Litvinova A.V., Orlova E.A. Model' adaptatsionnogo potentsiala lichnosti obuchayushchikhsya v usloviyakh psikhologicheskoi bezopasnosti obrazovatel'noi sredy //Psikhologicheskaya bezopasnost' obrazovatel'noi sredy: podkhody, modeli, profilaktika. Kollektivnaya monografiya. M., 2016. S. 56-64.
Koteneva A.V., Kobzarev S.A. Osobennosti tsennostno-smyslovoi sfery spasatelei s raznym urovnem professional'noi sotsial'no-psikhologicheskoi adaptatsii// Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo. 2019. T. 10. № 1. S. 35-52.
Berezina T.N., Chumakova E.A., Balan I.S. — Osobennosti lichnostnoi organizatsii vremeni zhiznennogo puti pensionerov imeyushchikh v anamneze serdechno-sosudistye zabolevaniya //Psikhologiya i Psikhotekhnika. – 2018. – № 3. – S. 69-81. DOI: 10.7256/2454-0722.2018.3.27228 URL: http://www.nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=27228
Berezina T.N., Chumakova E.A. Lichnostnye tipy pensionerov, imeyushchikh v anamneze serdechno-sosudistye zabolevaniya// Psikholog. — 2018.-№ 6.-S.41-48. DOI: 10.25136/2409-8701.2018.6.28027. URL: http://e-notabene.ru/psp/article_28027.html
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.

Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website