Psychologist - rubric Inner world
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Inner world
Barinov D.N. - Anxiety and Fear: Historical and Philosophical Sketch pp. 1-39


Abstract: The article is devoted to the evolution of the concepts of fear and anxiety in the history of philosophy. The author of the article analyzes philosophical concepts of fear and anxiety at different periods of history and describes particular approaches to describing the nature of fear and anxiety in the history of philosophy as well as Russian and Western European philosophies. The author also traces back transformation of views on the relation between fear and anxiety. Based on such historical and philosophical analysis, the author formulates the key antropological, ontological, gnoseological, axiological and praxeological aspects of philosophical views on the phenomena of fear and anxiety. The results of research allow to make a statement which can be used as the theoretical and methodological basis for social and philosophical understanding of fear and anxiety. The statement says the following: there are the two levels of philosophical and social studies to be taken into account, 1) the level of rational and established social order that makes social life predictable and reduces all possible risks to the minimum, and 2) the level of unstructured and uncertain spontaneous processes. 
Belinskaya E.P. - Development of the Human Self-Concept: the History of Studies and the Status Update on the Problem pp. 1-51


Abstract: The article is devoted to the develpment of dynamic views on self-concept and identity in terms of general, developmental and social psychology. The author of the artile shows that the idea about the changing Self has been established through recognition of social subject's activity, objective numerosity of the grounds for self-identification and potential manifestations of Self structures and their temporary modes. The author underlines the important role of the actual social environment as the situation of social changes in development of these views, especially in social and psychological analysis. She establishes that an important task for a modern human is to understand the meaning of the changing social environment for him personally. This makes the majority of social and psychological approches to studying Self to pay attention to the diversity and probability of personal Self structures which reflects the influence of general gnoseological principles of Post-Modernism on the development of these concepts. In conclusion the author views the manifestations of the identity crisis under the conditions of social changes ongoing in Russia now. 
Bessonova A.D. - Humanitarian Students' Perceptions of Friendship and Love pp. 1-17


Abstract: In article results of empirical research of ordinary representations of modern students about friendship and love are stated. These relations act as basic, fundamental and is integral personally significant vital relations. In work the lack of modern researches in the field of the fundamental vital relations as the modern world has dynamic impact on development of the person, including on his relations in the most various aspects is noted. In what party there are these changes to psychologists, teachers and society as a whole need to know.In empirical part of research results of associative and projective diagnostics are presented. Features of associative perception understanding of the relations of friendship and love are described, subjective classifications of friendship and love and as the correlation relations between value judgment by respondents of experience of friendship and love in the life and parameters of tendency to sympathy or love experience, style of the interpersonal behavior, the standardized techniques measured by scales are defined are systematized.The scientific analysis of results of research showed that concerning friendship and love of representation of youth don't duplicate habitual ordinary stereotypes. For example, the associative perception understanding students humanists of a phenomenon concept "friendship" is positive focused, not containing negative aspects of an assessment. In too time, an associative array of the concept "love" includes both positive, and negative words characteristics. In associative estimates and classifications-tipologiyakh of the relations of friendship and love reflection of subjective experience of respondents, their actual experiences and the relations dominates. Smyslo-obobshchenny social experience and reflexive erudition are presented considerably to a lesser extent. The analysis of the correlation relations between studied parameters showed the potential of positive interrelation between tendency of respondents to the love and sympathy relations and existence of such relations in their life, and as, an appreciation of the relations of love, as a whole in life of people.
Anisimova K.A. - Psychological Constitutions of Woman's Attitude to Her Future Child During Pregnancy pp. 1-24


Abstract: This article is devoted to psychological features of the relation to the future at pregnant women aged from 18 till 40 years. Pregnancy represents difficult and psychologically very various state. The physical, hormonal and social changes happening to the woman during this period, change her emotional state, and also the attitude towards, towards future child and the world as a whole. For the pregnant woman the mood swing, updating of alarms, the internal conflicts and not resolved psychological problems is characteristic. For studying of parental installations by the American psychologists E.S. Schaefer and R. K. Bell the technique of PARI (parental attitude research instrument) was offered. In Russia this technique was adapted by the psychologist T.V. Neshcheret. The technique includes 23 aspects signs. 8 scales characterize the relation to a family role: limitation of interests of the woman a family framework, cares exclusively about a family; feeling of self-sacrifice as mother; family conflicts; superauthority of parents; dissatisfaction with a role of the hostess of the house; "indifference" of the husband and his not inclusiveness in family affairs; domination of mother; dependence and dependence of mother. In total in research took part 180 people divided into two groups: 1 . The Conditional and Healthy Pregnant Women (CHPW) – 90 people; 2 . Conditional and healthy not pregnant women (CHNPW) – 90 people. Now in Russia studying of individual and psychological features of pregnant women is very actual. One of the most important aspects of this problem is the attitude of pregnant women towards the future child and a family, especially considering a disturbing and depressive background of mood throughout the pregnancy period. Data that for CHNPW characteristic such aspects signs as "feeling of self-sacrifice", "a dissatisfaction with a role of the hostess", "dependence on a family", "development of activity of the child", "evasion from the conflict", etc. were obtained.
Korneenkov S.S. - Spiritual and Perinatal Psychology: Peculiarities of Restrospective Experience in the Altered State of Consciousness (Empirical Research) pp. 1-73


Abstract: Questions of perinatal psychology are considered. The theoretical and pilot study is constructed on the following hypotheses. The first: the person is a spontaneous being, all information in the period of a razvoploshchyonny state, and also during the perinatal period of development is stored in his soul. The second: being in meditation, the individual is capable to remember mental states and experiences which he experienced till the birth.Research problems: 1. To study scientific and yogichesky literature on a problem: a) unifications of consciousness of soul and mind of a fruit during the perinatal period of life of the individual; b) soul life during the previous period of its embodiment in a body of the person. 2. To check practical opportunities of integrated technology of training and self-knowledge in the awake and changed conditions of consciousness when studying the academic disciplines in higher education institution. 3. To conduct a pilot study of experiences, perception and thinking of the individual in the changed condition of consciousness during the different periods of perinatal development and during the period preceding entry of soul into a material body of the person.Object of research: the changed condition of consciousness. Research subject: features of perception, thinking and experience of individual consciousness: a) to a meeting with the impregnated ovum; b) at the moment and after formation of a zygote; c) in the first days of life of the child. The integrated technology of training and self-knowledge () developed by the author in awake and the changed conditions of consciousness (CCC) was applied. Entry into ISS was carried out by means of the following methods: installation, control, concentration, music, meditation, hypnosis, auto-suggestion, prayer, sonastroyka. For the first time in domestic and world psychology and pedagogics integrated approach of training and self-knowledge in unity of the awake and changed conditions of consciousness is offered, approved and introduced in practice.New data on psychological features of perception, thinking and experiences during the perinatal period of development of the individual, and also at the moment previous meetings of a spermatozoon and an ovum, soul and a physical body are obtained.Mastering meditation allows to perceive consciously "other" reality, to accept the inner world and surrounding reality as a unit. Deep immersion in itself promotes approach of rest, harmony, knowledge, purity, fills consciousness of the personality with force and energy. An inner world the same reality for our consciousness, as well as external. It is possible to carry out self-research, self-training according to goals to meditations, to study a theoretical and practical course of psychology and pedagogics, anatomy and physiology, and also any discipline provided by the program of training in higher education institution.
Subbotsky E. - The impossibility of the matrix: The magic of subjective reality pp. 1-30


Abstract: The paper discusses the problems that arise regarding the relationships between the brain and subjective experience. Can robots create in humans the illusion of subjective experiences? Is it really so that a person who is immersed in the world of artificially created subjective experience is unable to exit this world without assistance? What is better: enjoying life in the world of illusions, or struggling for life and happiness in the harsh world of true reality? The analysis has shown that even if the computer technologies of the future became dozens of times more powerful than modern technologies, we can’t expect that people with the help of computers, not to mention computers in their own right, would be able to create the authentic copy of subjective experiences. The reason is that subjective experience is a magical phenomenon. This phenomenon is given to a person, but it is not determined by physical causes. The versions of artificially created subjective experiences, such as hallucinations cased by illness or mental experiences caused by stimulation of brain cortex with electric charges or chemical compounds, are imitations of subjective experiences and not authentic subjective experience. During the altered states of consciousness, of shortly after, the person is sensing that these imitations are nothing more than illusions of reality. Novelty: For the first time the phenomenon of human subjectivity is being analyzed in the context of recent studies of magical thinking. Conclusions: (1) subjective experience is a magical, and not a physical phenomenon; (2) modern views on the structure of brain processes, computer and other cognitive models are derived from human subjective experiences; they can imitate subjective experiences (such as thinking, perception and feelings), but they are not identical with subjective experiences in their own right; (3) neuroscience and cybernetics will be creating increasingly more perfect interfaces between machines and subjective reality of consciousness, but there will always remain an insurmountable gap between physical processes and authentic subjective experience.
Berezina T.N. - Understanding and Recognition of Mental Images of the Highest Order pp. 1-32


Abstract: In her article Berezina analyzes the phenomenon of understanding and recognition of visual information contained in the mental images of the highest order. Berezina bases her research on the previously established model of images - integrators of different orders according to which evident information is generalized irrespective of verbal, forming more and more becoming complicated educations. In model it is claimed that images of the first order - photographic images, the second order – classical secondary images; the third order – the generalized images, images of the fourth order – spatial similar educations; images of the fifth order – nonverbal standards of moral, philosophical, mathematical generalizations. Understanding of images of the highest orders is considered in the context of the psychosemantic theory of consciousness by V.F.Petrenko to become conscious, they have to be built in system of the relations with values of the language thesaurus. However, according to the author's assumption, images of the highest orders – polimodalna, also include not only generalized figurative, on and audialny information, in other words, possess the sounding; sounding can be presented by the incoherent sounds generalized by parts of words, and also mechanically imprinted by phrases. According to classical representations, the understanding occurs when the word connects to image, this situation in article is supplemented with a condition that the original understanding occurs if the imprinted pervosignalny soundings as a part of images of the highest orders at least partially coincide with soundings of words by which this category is defined.
Rostovtseva M.V., Gudovskii I.V., Goncharova T.M., Khokhrina Z.V. - Analysis of the Relationship Between Personal Value Systems Psychological Adaptation Mechanisms pp. 1-9


Abstract: The subject of the research is the relationshp between value systems and psychological adaptation mechanisms of students. The research involved 5-year students of the Siberian Federal University. The researchers have discovered that the state of psychological disadaptation causes students lose their focus on life values and reduces prospects for personal development. Maladjusted respondents were focused on their health (vital needs) and excluded from the cultural life ignoring meta values (learning and creative self-realisation). There were no significant differences between values of students with low and high levels of adaptability. However, the greater part of adapated students tend to choose 'professional and personal growth' as an important life value. The main research methods were psychological tests such as Rokeach Value Survey, Mental State Self-Assessment (after Hans Eysenk), and Depression Scale (adapted by G. Balashova). The results of the research prove that there is a relationship between value system and psychological adaptation mechanisms. In general, both groups of respondents (adapated and disadapted students) choose similar terminal values (health), however, there are significant differences in their choice of instrumental values. 
Ralnikova I.A., Shamardina M.V. - Social anxiety as a factor of establishment of a subjective picture of life path during the regulatory youth crisis pp. 15-31


Abstract: The subject of this research is the subjective picture of life path at the stage of regulatory youth crisis in the context of social anxiety. The goal consists in determination of the peculiarities of cognitive and emotional assessment of the past, present, and future as the components of subjective picture of life path of young people prone to experiencing social anxiety. The theoretical-methodological framework consists in scientific representations on human as a subject of life path, theory of life path and psychological time, scientific idea of the cognitive-perceptive selectiveness and regulation of social anxiety in the situations of assessment. The scientific novelty of the acquired results consists in the following statements: 1) it is proven that social anxiety is a predictor of the establishment of perceptions on personal past, present and future during the regulatory youth crisis; 2) the invariant tendencies in the character of cognitive and emotional assessment of the components of subjective picture of a life path in youth in case of the escalated social anxiety are determined; 3) variable description of time modus are revealed. The obtained results may be used in psychological practice for conducting psychobiographical consulting and psychological trainings of projecting a life path with young people with the chronic social anxiety and social fears.
Novgorodova E.F. - Self-Respect as a Mediator between Socially Prescribed Perfectionism and Satisfaction with Life pp. 16-24


Abstract: The life quality of Russian youth and psychological indicators of improving their life quality still remain nettlesome. One of such indicators is self-respect viewed by the author of the present article. The aim of the research was to build a determination model of subjective well-being for young people. For this purpose, the author carried out an empirical research. The author tested the causal model of mediation of life satisfaction that involves socially prescribed perfectionism as an independent variable and self-respect as a mediator. The research involved 268 vocational students aged 16 - 20 years old (the mean age is 17,3 ± 1,3). Data was collected using the following psychologists tests and inventories: Global Life Satisfaction Scale (S. Yaremchuk), 'Multi-Dimensional Perfectionism Scale' (I. Gracheva) and 'Self-Attitude Inventory (V. Stolin and S. Pantileeva). The results were processed using the correlation analysis and demonstrated that there is a significant co-relation between all variables viewed whereas p=0,001. In particular, satisfaction with life has a negative correlation to self-respect of repondents. Results of the regression analysis of data also demonstrate that self-respect fully conditions the relation between socially prescribed perfectionism and satisfaction with life. Thus, self-respect of an individual is not only associated with the level of satisfactin with life and socially prescribed perfectionism but also determines this co-relation. The author demonstrates that a high level of anxeity and fear not to fulfil expectations of close ones reduces one's satisfaction with life as a result of low self-respect. Consequently, the author of the article proves the improving role of self-respect in the process of regulating the life quality of modern youth. 
Kalita V.V., Burik V.N., Ropalo V.A. - Semantic closeness of the image of Vladivostok and Khabarovsk according to the characteristics of socio-psychological attractiveness pp. 16-33


Abstract: The goal of this research consists in determination of structural-substantive characteristics of socio-psychological attractiveness of the image of Vladivostok and Khabarovsk. The authors examine the relevant problem of attractiveness of image of the city and its values defined by a set of characteristics: material and non-material wealth, uniqueness, adaptivity of urban environment, etc. The subject of this study is image of the city among the students of professional direction “Human – Human” (discipline “Psychology”, 25 persons) and “Human – Artistic Image” (discipline “Graphic Design, 25 persons). The goal is set to reveal distinctive characteristics of socio-psychological attractiveness of the image of Vladivostok and Khabarovsk in perception of students of two specialties. Experimental psychosemantics became a methodical framework for comprehensive study of structural-substantive characteristics and attractiveness of the image of Vladivostok and Khabarovsk. The research applies the method of group associative experiment that allowed reconstructing and describing the image of Vladivostok and Khabarovsk by calculating the semantic closeness. The authors reveal and delineate the peculiarities of structural-substantive characteristics of socio-psychological attractiveness of the image of Vladivostok and Khabarovsk. It is established that some of such characteristics reflect the key assessment criteria of the environment: economic, climatic, ecological, architectural, cultural, political, evaluative and other, which presence within structure of the image is confirmed by both, theoretical and empirical data. The authors determine that students of the disciplines “Graphic Design” and “Psychology” have similar structural-substantive characteristics that allow not only reconstructing the image, but also outlining the attributes of socio-psychological attractiveness of Vladivostok and Khabarovsk. This is the first study of representations on urbanized environment and its psychological attractiveness in the Russian Far East.
Korneenkov S.S. - Psychological Self-Inquiry and Personal Psychotherapy in Altered State of Consciousness pp. 25-75
Abstract: The author of the article studies the structure of personality and its subpersonalities. The purposes of this research are the following: 1)  experimental verification of the abilities to learning, self-inquiry and psychotherapy in the combintion of awakening and altered states of consciousness; 2) experimental self-inquiry of personality and its mental units (subpersonalities) in the altered state of consciousness; 3) conduction of psychotherapy in the altered state of consciousness; 4) determination of the features of perception, feelings and thoughts related to personal self-diagnostics in the altered state of consciousness.  To achieve the set up goals, the author used the integrated technology of learning and self-inquiry in the wakening and altered states of consciousness. This technology allows to carry out self-diagnostics and psychotherapy as well as to learn peculiarities of the mental development. Lateralization of brain functions leads to formation and deelopment of the two personalities as one whole. Harmonious development of an individual is guaranteed by the integration of all personality elements (subpersonalities) formed on the basis of psychophysiological functions of the left and right hemispheres. The author introduces such terms as the 'left hemipshere personality' and the 'right hemisphere personality'. 
Subbotsky E. - Excurstion to the World Behind the Looking-Glass: Magic Thinking in the Modern World pp. 30-73


Abstract: In article questions are considered: What is the magic reality? This reality gets into what spheres of life of the modern person? In what the reason of penetration of magic reality into life of the modern person? To what consequences can lead such penetration? In the ancient time and the Middle Ages access to magic reality was provided by religion or alternative religions of practice: witchcraft, sorcery, astrology, alchemy. During the Renaissance era art joined them. In the XIX century there was a movement of a spiritualizm, in XX – parapsychology. At last at the end of XX - the beginning of the XXI century there are portable interactive forms of visual representation of magic reality – computer games and the Internet, and a wide circulation of individual electronic displays (laptops, ah-pedov, of iPhones, etc.) brought the interactive world of a world behind the looking-glass into a family and a nursery. Psychological researches showed that the belief in the magic world at the modern person didn't disappear, and left deep into the unconscious. This hidden belief sprouts to all spheres of modern life: economy, policy, medicine, morals, entertainments, education, even in physics and science about a brain. Why children "sit down" on games in which they possess magic force? Why rational people often make economically unprofitable decisions? How it turns out, what the educated people can accept opinion of politicians which contradicts its radical interests? Why in medicine the effect of placebo works? From where at terrorists, both during war, and during the world, such fanatical determination and strength of mind? How it is possible, what even in the absence of supervision, in themselves, some people choose good, but not angrily, acting contrary to own benefit? Why physiologists call work of a brain as "magic"? The answer to these and other questions – in extramental belief of the modern person in supernatural. Novelty: (1) For the first time some phenomena in the sphere of children's game, policy, economy, medicine, morals, and science about a brain are considered in the context of the last psychological researches of magic thinking; (2) Also consideration of historical evolution of access for the person to magic reality, and also consequences of contact with this reality for the individual and society is new. Conclusions: (1) The magic thinking during which known laws of physics can be broken, of biology and psychology, widely practices in the modern world in the form of entertainments, games, and other kinds of activity based on imagination; (2) Both children, and educated adults, consciously or unconsciously, trust in possibility of the supernatural; (3) This hidden belief generates specific effects in different spheres of life: to policy, economy, medicine, the moral sphere, the sphere of entertainments, even in the sphere of science; (4) The wide circulation of interactive electronic displays facilitates access for the modern person to the imagined world of the supernatural; (5) As a result the probability of influence of the hidden belief in supernatural on behavior of the person increases.
Umarova G.M. - Distribution of Values of Safety of University Students with Different Type of Relationship at the Time pp. 32-55


Abstract: The subject of the study was the psychological security of the person of students of high school as a key feature, which provides not only survive in the outside world, but also an opportunity to promote the realization of the main goal of life. The research center is placed to determine the characteristics values of human security, the features of which are determined by the time factor. The author realized the empirical study of the relationship of subjective values of security and type of personality time perspective. Its purpose was to identify what kinds of security priority for students with different types of relationships at the time. As a method of collecting empirical data used by testing using the questionnaire needs of different types of security T.M. Krasnyanskaya questionnaire and time perspective Zimbardo. The work presents an empirical description of the characteristics of the ratio of time perspective of the individual and subjective value for students of various types of safety. The conclusion, according to which the subjective value of the security separates the students into two groups feel the need for survival and seeking to overcome, develop as a person. The results presented in the work, can be used in the planning of professional interaction with students experiencing problems in the psychological security of the person.
Zolotukhina E.V. - Personal Past as the Existential Problem pp. 34-76
Abstract: The article is devoted to the personal past that is viewed as an existential problem. The author examines the relation of the past to other modes of the time, motives turning people to the past and psychoterapeutic technologies of changing the personal past. After presentation of most radical technologies and description of the problems they might create for one's personality, the author offers to the reader 'milder' technologies described in literature. These technologies allow to interpret the past in accordance with therapeutic goals but without changing the memory.
Korneenkov S.S. - Psychological self-exploration and psychotherapy of personality in an altered state of consciousness pp. 38-88


Abstract: This article considers the structure of personality and its sub-personalities. The objectives of the study were: 1) the experimental verification of the capacity for learning, self-discovery and psychotherapy during the integration of the waking and altered states of consciousness; 2) the experimental self-study of personality and its psychological structures (subpersonalities) in an altered state of consciousness; and 3) the process of psychological correction and psychotherapy in an altered state of consciousness; 4) to identify the characteristics of perception, feelings and thinking related to the process of self-identity in an altered state of consciousness. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the author used integral education and self-knowledge technology (IESKT) in waking and altered states of consciousness. IESKT allows for self-diagnosis, therapy and psycho-correction. It allows one to gain knowledge of the peculiarities of one's mental development. The presence of functional asymmetry of the brain leads to the formation and development of the two personalities as a whole. Harmonious development of the individual comes about after the integration of all the fragments of personality (subpersonalities) formed on the basis of psycho-physiological functions of the right and left hemispheres. The article introduces the concepts of "left-brain personality" and "right-brain personality".
Ponomarenko I.L., Kondrashikhina O.A., Kadysheva L.B. - Aesthetic consciousness as a predictor of the effectiveness of art therapy in coping with stress pp. 46-58


Abstract: The subject of this research is the aesthetic consciousness as a predictor of the effectiveness of art therapy in coping with stress. The goal of this article consists in studying the aesthetic consciousness as a predictor of the effectiveness of art therapy in dealing with stressful conditions of the individual. The following empirical methods were employed in the course of research: free descriptions technique of D. A. Leontiev, the scale of resistance to sources of stress of E. V. Raspopin; and Spearman's rank correlation criterion for statistical verification of determined trends and data analysis. The research involved 44 respondents – the students of the faculty of Philology of Sevastopol State University, aged from 17 to 23. It is established that resistance to certain sources of stress is clearly associated with the peculiarities of aesthetic consciousness of the individual; the following dependency is traced: the freer the subject feels in describing an aesthetic object, and the more diverse are his aesthetic reasoning, the higher is his stress resistance level in accordance with the component “Self-others” , and at the same time the lower is his resistance to stressors “the Self”. Therefore, in implementation of art therapy techniques for dealing with stressful conditions of the individual, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the development of aesthetic consciousness of the individual, readiness and ability to work with the complex visual stimuli. The scientific novelty of lies in revealing the role of aesthetic consciousness of the individual as a predictor of the effectiveness of art therapy in coping with stress.
Rostovtseva M.V., Artyukhova T.Y., Suvorova N.V., Avdeeva T.G., Fedorova E.P. - The study of the relationship between personal attitudes, the level of self-actualization and satisfaction with marriage in married couples. pp. 47-59



Abstract: The subject of the study of this article are the factors affecting marital satisfaction of married couples. In particular, the relationship between satisfaction with marriage and personal attitudes and the level of self-actualization of spouses was investigated. The following methods were used in the study: "marriage satisfaction test questionnaire" (OUB). Authors: V.V. Stolina, T.L. Romanova, G.P. Butenko; test "Measuring attitudes in a married couple". Authors: Alyoshina Yu.E., Gozman L.Ya., Dubovskaya E.M.; self-actualization test (SAT), measuring self-actualization on two basic and a number of additional scales (author: Alyoshina Yu.E, etc.). The study involved 20 married couples with a marriage experience of 7-10 years. The conducted research has shown that the degree of satisfaction with marriage depends on personal attitudes and the level of self-actualization of the individual. Men are more satisfied with marriage than women, they make fewer claims to their spouse, they are more satisfied with family life. There is also a relationship between husband and wife satisfaction with marriage: the more satisfied one is, the more satisfied the other is with marriage. The diagnostic data of the subjects' self-actualization showed that there is a relationship between the degree of satisfaction with marriage and the scales: competence in time, self-reliance, value orientations, flexibility of behavior, self-esteem, self-acceptance. Statistical analysis has shown that there is a relationship between satisfaction with marriage and the desire to divorce, the attitude to romantic love and the significance in sexual relations.
Kireeva O.V. - On the question of lending to individuals with different level of self-actualization pp. 51-69


Abstract: The subject of this research is the indicators of attitude on the lending to individuals with different level of self-actualization. This article examines the differences in attitudes to lending among individuals with different levels of self-actualization. The hypothesis was tested that the higher is the level of self-actualization, the more is the likelihood of referring to constructive ways of coping with the loan debt. For verification of the hypothesis, the article employs the questionnaire “Attitude to Loans” (A. N. Demin, O. V. Kireeva, E. Y. Pedanova), Self-actualization test (SAT) by E. Shostrom (adapted by Y. E. Aleshin, L. Y. Gozman, M. V. Zagika and M. V. Kroz). The link is established between certain indicators of self-actualization, awareness and motiv for lending. It is determined that self-actualizing individuals are willing to render financial assistance in form of loans to others; while individuals with low level of self-actualization are not willing to take on a loan for others. The conclusion is made that the borrowers with low indicators of self-actualization are characterized with low level of self-acceptance, spontaneity and resistance to aggression; they are aware of the experience of relatives and friends in receiving loans; the believe that loan would help them to accomplish their dream in the nearest future and not willing to take on loan to solve other people's problems. In the subgroup of the borrowers with high level of self-actualization correlation is established between the indicators of self-actualization that characterize the peculiarities of worldview and creativity of self-actualizing personality, awareness and motives for lending. The representatives of the subgroup “pseudo-self-actualization” are characterized with low level of creativity and fear to take on loans. The acquired results can be implemented within the framework of correctional and developmental work with the borrowers and debtors.
Cheremiskina I.I., Kapustina T.V. - Young People' Coping Behavior in Situation of a Personal Crisis pp. 56-70



Abstract: The subject of the study is coping behavior in a situation of experiencing a personal crisis. The empirical object of the study was young people who are an important resource of socio-economic transformations in our society. The age period itself, from a psychological point of view, is a time of personality formation, active entry into new types of activities, social roles, self-realization. However, the postmodern world sets a very high pace of human existence, the change of life situations and orientations occurs abruptly, almost instantly, which causes a high stress load on young people, against the background of awareness of the mismatch of external circumstances and semantic structures of personality, there is an experience of a personal crisis, the negative consequence of which is its socio-psychological maladaptation. The novelty of the study lies in the fact that it is based on the three-component model of L.G. Zhedunova, based on which methods were selected to diagnose the experience of personal crisis in young people. It turned out that more than half of the young people studied are in a state of experiencing a personal crisis. The peculiarity of their coping behavior is the predominant use of the strategies of "distancing" and "avoidance", they tend to ignore the strategy of "taking responsibility". They are also characterized by a tendency to exaggerate existing problems, an increased level of anxiety, low mood, passivity, poor health, increased sensitivity, impressionability, vulnerability, lack of leadership qualities, the predominance of intrapersonal conflict consisting in the confrontation of two contradictory traits conformity and nonconformism, the predominance of motivation to avoid failures, a tendency to conflict behavior. The data obtained can be useful for both psychological consultants and representatives of psychological support services, since the identified features of young people in a state of experiencing a personal crisis can become targets of psychological assistance to overcome it.
Kulagina N.V. - Masculine Standard Directions of Modern Men of Different Ages pp. 70-79


Abstract: The article opens a problem of transformation of ideology of a maskulinnost in modern society. The review of the researches staticizing this problem and showing that following to norms of traditional masculine ideology determines problems of mental and physical health at modern men is submitted. The purpose of the article is to to acquaint scientific community with results of empirical comparative research of degree of expressiveness of masculine standard installations at modern men. The object of research is masculine standard installations of modern men of different age in different spheres of life such as personal, family, professional. 150 men living in the cities of Verkhnekamye were studied. For collecting empirical data the diagnostic tools were used: a questionnaire "Man's standard installations", the author L. Luyt, in I. S. Klyotsina and E. V. Ioffe's adaptation; technique "Cast in a family", authors Yu. E. Alyoshina, L. Ya. Gozman, E. M. Dubovskaya; questionnaire "Professional gender installations of men", author Yu. G. Tishchenko. It is revealed that modern men of different age have a representation of masculine standard installations in personal and social spheres it is expressed around average values: men of age have "youth" an integrated indicator of a normativnost at the level of average value, and men of age have "maturity" and "maturity" at the level above an average. In the family sphere the standard ideology of a maskulinnost is practically not shared by young men, their ideas of distribution of family roles are displaced towards egalitarian model. Men of more advanced age, are rather patriarchal in this question. Masculine standard installations of the vast majority of men of all age in the field of distribution of professional roles reflect aspiration to man's domination in this sphere, commitment of a vertical professional segregation. The submitted empirical data can expand borders of psychological knowledge concerning degree of commitment to norms of a traditional maskulinnost of modern men of different age. Results of research can be used in advisory practice of experts, when developing training courses and special courses on gender psychology, psychology of the personality, family psychology, and also when carrying out further researches in the field.
Gvozdeva D.I. - The Relationship Between Components of Romantic Affection to a Partner and Actual Needs and Personality Traits of Men and Women pp. 80-87


Abstract: The subject of the research is the components of romantic affectino to a partner and actual needs and personality traits of men and women. The object of the research is the romantic affection of men and women to a partner. The research involved 70 men and women aged 20 - 25 years who had romantic affection at the moment of the research. The article establishes the characteristic for men and women components of romantic attachment to a partner, and also reveals their relationship with actual needs and personality traits. The differences in the established relationships are analyzed. The study was conducted using test methods and statistical data processing. The author has also used Friedman's X2 criterion, Wilcoxon T-criterion and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. As a result of processing the research data, it was shown that the dominance of the same component of romantic attachment in men and women is associated with different actual needs; that women, unlike men, are prone to psychological "accretion" with a partner; that the dissatisfaction of social needs in both men and women leads to increased autonomy in romantic relationships, and their satisfaction to emotional closeness. The novelty of the research consists in establishing the conditionality of the peculiarities of the romantic affection of the partners by their actual needs; in establishing personality traits characteristic of men and women with certain features of romantic affection. The research results can be used in the work of psychological services that provide counseling support to citizens on personal and family life.
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