Psychologist - rubric Continent of the unconscious
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Psychologist" > Rubric "Continent of the unconscious"
Continent of the unconscious
Starikashkina D. - The Conception of Memory in Psychoanalysis' Theory: Deconstruction of Individual vs Collective pp. 80-92


Abstract: This paper deals with a process of formation of individual and collective memory and some principles of its functioning, using a psychoanalysis paradigm. The thesis of this paper is that despite the absence of the term “collective memory” in Freud's theory, his concept of “culture” should be considered as its equivalent. This theoretical move allows us to analyze 'Art' as a concept that “lies on a seam” between individual and collective and provides a suggestion for the possibility of memory conservation. It additionally broadens an understanding of the possible ways of “working trough a trauma” in post-traumatic society that still reflects on different cultural trauma(s) of the twentieth century. The methodology of research is connected with an integrated approach to studying of a question of preservation of memory within the psychoanalytic theory, a basis for which the corpus of S. Freud, the exerted huge impact on thinkers of a psychoanalytic, esthetic and philosophical discourse has formed. In this article the question of approach to the theory of memory in her psychoanalytic understanding clears up that allows to rethink borders between individual and collective, and the drawn conclusions allow to reveal the memory work nature, and also possibilities of preservation of the memory which isn't subjected to copying and distortion in the aesthetic field of art.
Mordas E.S. - Pregnancy and Discovery of Femininity pp. 164-185


Abstract: The problem of discovery of femininity can be viewed in terms of pregnancy as a special condition of a woman. A desire to have a child is an important part of the development of femininity. Pregnancy is the culmination of that desire which usually arises in her childhood. The article presents the ideas of a famous psychoanalyst Deutsch on reproductive development of a woman and describes feelings and emotions a woman goes through during pregnancy based on D. Kestenberg, T. Benedek, M. Bonaparte and other authors. Pregnancy can be seen as a particular stage of female development (that is accompanied with regressive and progressive tendencies) and achievement of a certain social status, new object-relationships and other level of gender identity. Pregancy can be viewed as the proof of femininity and proper functioning of a female body. Each stage of pregnancy actualizes new emotions, fear and anxiety. Woman's condition during pregnancy may discover a path for discovering female identity and present an opportunity for a new access to unconscious conflicts, desires and fantasies. 
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