Psychologist - rubric Person and personality
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Person and personality
Khairullina I.R. - Peculiarities of Psychological Defense Mechanisms and Coping Strategies of Teenagers From Dysfunctional Families pp. 1-15


Abstract: In article the problem of psychological protective mechanisms and koping-strategy at teenagers from dysfunctional families is investigated. Owing to different vital difficulties, disasters, problems, people face serious shocks and a stress with which heavy to cope even to the adult, not to mention children and teenagers who if something happens resort to inadequate ways of a sovladaniye with them. The teenage age is also characterized by psychological and physiological changes, critical for the personality. In this article an inspection of a hypothesis was carried out that the number of productive strategy of sovladayushchy behavior of teenagers can be increased due to carrying out the correctional program. As tools the diagnostic complex including psychodiagnostic techniques was used: questionnaire of ways of a sovladaniye of Lazarus and Folkman (T.L. Kryukova's adaptation, E.V. Kuftyak); Plutchik-Kellerman-Conte's questionnaire "Index of vital style"; technique "Koping-povedeniye in stressful situations". During research, the program of psychological correction for improvement of quality of formation of effective psychological protective mechanisms and strategy of sovladayushchy behavior at teenagers from dysfunctional families was developed and approved. By results it is also visible that after carrying out the program results changed to the best.
Korolev A.A. - Correlation between the victim personality type and specificity of the impact of bullying pp. 1-10


Abstract: From the psychological-social perspective, the problem of bullying is relevant and significant. The article provides the opinions of different authors on the problem of bullying, its types, and peculiarities of manifestation. Special attention is given to the attitudes of the parties to bullying - aggressor and victim – viewed in their close interrelation . Special emphasis is placed on position of a victim. Based on victimological approach, a hypothesis is put forward on the significance of the victim personality in a situation of bullying, depending on personality type, susceptibility or resistance  of an individual to the effects of bullying. The object of this research is the impact of bullying factors upon victim personality. The subject the correlation between victim personality type and specificity of the impact of bullying. The research employs MMPI typological survey, as well as based on the classification of the impact of bullying forms a questionnaire that includes most relevant for the respondents bullying factors. The use of correlation analysis allowed establishing both positive and negative correlations between the personality type and specificity of the impact of bullying (bullying factor). Such research indicate the specific susceptibility/resistance to certain manifestations of bullying, characteristic to a number of personality types (hysteroid, excitable, epileptoid, psychasthenic, schizoid). The acquired results contribute to the organization of targeted psychological that would help a person to overcome difficulties in a situation of bullying.
Berezina T.N., Novichkova V.V. - Personal Resources as a Factor of Biological Age of Rescuers pp. 1-15



Abstract: Objective: To study the relationship of personal resources of emergency rescuers with their biological age, as well as to assess the impact of individually selected personal resources on the index of biological aging. Method. Diagnostics: 1) research of personal resources (sports, control, creativity, intelligence, subject hobbies, altruism, humor, spirituality, risk, communication, nature, achievements, optimism) according to the original methodology, 2) diagnosis of biological age and individual aging index according to Voitenko, 3) measurement of personality types (gender, age, residence, family status, body type, emotionality, functional asymmetry, interaction style). A formative experiment, the selection of personal resources using the program "Anti–Aging XXI - trial" for each respondent, taking into account the types of his personality; the experiment lasted six months, during which the respondents used the recommended resources in their lives. Statistical methods: ANOVA analysis of variance, correlation analysis, descriptive statistics. Subjects: rescuers of the Ministry of Emergency Situations 59 people from 19 to 32 years old (33 women), an experimental group of 34 people, a control group of 25. Results: The rescuers of the Ministry of Emergency Situations have biological age indicators higher than both the proper biological and calendar ages, and their biological aging index is positive, which indicates accelerated aging. Men have a higher biological aging index than women. Male and female rescuers use different personal resources in their lives; women - altruism, men – humor. In men and women, the presence of subject hobbies leads to an increase in the index of biological aging, but optimism reduces this index in men. The use of specially selected personal resources for six months, allows you to reduce the index of biological aging, and at the level of the tendency to delay the acceleration of aging. Conclusions: individual-typological selection of personal resources is effective for rescuers of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, as it allows to reduce the index of relative biological aging of this professional group.
Lutsik M.Y., Drongo A.V. - The Self-concept model as experience evaluation process pp. 11-26


Abstract: This article substantiates the relevance of studying the Self-concept as a phenomenon aimed at achieving Self-actualization and structurization of behavior. The question is raised about the prerequisites that allow a person to differentiate experience, thereby underlining the need to study the ontogenesis of the Self-concept as the foundation for the evaluative process that integrates the three gradually forming layers. This serves as the basis for formulating the definition of the Self-concept, and describing each of its layers (organismic, social, and conceptual). Their role in the experience evaluation process, as well as applicable to behavior, is explored. The boundaries are established between the layers and the phenomena introduced by K. Rogers; thus, the social layer is naturally introjective and essential. The subject of this research is the determination of each layer of possible disorders within ontogenesis, and relative to this, the risk of transition of the Self-concept from the process to the newly formed structure. Description is given to possibilities of application of this model in psychological practice. Firstly, it allows understanding the incongruity of the customer, as well as self-image of the psychologist in their non-empathic, but congruent responses. Secondly, this model structures the interaction in psychotherapy, helping to establish the typology of psychological disorder, as well as choose appropriate interventions remaining within the framework of humanistic methodology, without eclectic selection of the techniques. In conclusion, the authors reveal the potential of scientific study of the Self-concept model, which consists in understanding the customer and their incongruity. This model contributes to most accurate choice of techniques and methods, as well as means of interaction with the customer, depending on the dysfunction of the layer.
Borzova T.V., Plotnikova E.S. - Manifestation of self-determination in personal, activity and social self-realization of students pp. 12-21


Abstract: The subject of this research is the manifestation of self-determination in personal, activity and social self-realization of students. The goal consists in examination of correlation of the parameters of self-determination with personal, activity and social self-realization of students. The research methodology contains the concepts and theories of the following sholars: E. Deci and R. Ryan (people are able to become self-determined when their need for autonomy is fulfilled); D. A. Leontiev (self-determination as the superior form of self-regulation); S. L. Rubinstein (self-determination as an internal condition of activity for self-determination); A. Maslow and K. Rogers (self-realization as a process of personal growth); S. I. Kudinov (polysystemic model of self-realization). The empirical methods of research included: “Test for Self-Determination” of E. N. Osin – modification of the scale of self-determination of K. Sheldon; “Test for Life Meaningful Orientation” of D. A. Leontiev; “Ability to Self-governance” of N. M. Peysakhov; “Questionnaire on Self-Realization” of S. I. Kudinov; “Test for Self-Actualization” of L. Y. Gozman and M. V. Kroz. The result of the conducted research consists in determination of a positive correlation of the meaningfulness of life and self-expression with all types of self-realization. However, in consideration of the link between self-expression and personality, activity and social self-realization following pattern was established: self-expression on high and low levels has a tendency towards decline of the indicators of self-realization; while the average level of self-expression demonstrates higher indicators of personal and activity self-realization of the respondents.
Kapustina V., Bykova E. - Typological Approach in the Analysis of the Structure of Personal Innovative Potential pp. 14-26


Abstract: The aim of this research is to analyze the structure of personal innovative potential based on the theoretical analysis and empirical research. The object of the research is personal innovative potential. The subject of the research is the structure of personal innovative potential in terms of typological approach. The research is based on typological approach to studying personality based on the ideas of C. Jung, Meyers, and D. Keirsey. The authors give an insight into researches of personal innovative potential and describe this construct in relation to similar constructs such as 'innovative personality' and 'personal innovative potential'. The research methods include the following: 1. Theoretical analysis of sources. 2. Psychological testing with the use of such tests as KTS offered by Keirsey, Tolerance to Uncertainty offered by S. Badner, tests Evaluation of Personal Creativity and Evaluation of Divergent Thinking by F. Williams, Personal Innovative Potential Self-Evaluation Scales (N. Lebedeva and A. Tatarko), Problems of Real World Inventory of R. Sternberg. 3. Mathematical method, in particular, correlation analysis with the use of non-parametric Spearman's Rs-criterion. As a result of the research, the athors have defined personal innovative potential as an integrative characteristic that reflects the combinaton of interrelated individual psychological traits that contribute to the generation and realisation of new ideas, tolerance to uncertainty, craetivity, readiness for risk and active actions. These characteristics can be divided into four components: cognitive, motivational, behavioral and value-based. Motivational and cognitive elements are the most important in the structure of personal innovative potential. Noteworthy that the picture of 'innovativeness' is different for different temperaments. From the point of view of the structure of personal innovative potential, idealistic temperament (as defined by D. Keirsey) is the most innovative. 
Evdokimova A.S. - Value orientations of student youth as a factor of economic socialization pp. 17-26


Abstract: The object of this research is the student youth. The subject is the value orientations of student youth as a factor of economic socialization of a person. The goal consists in examination of value orientations of student youth as a factor affecting economic socialization. The current state of socioeconomic development of Russia opens multiple prospects for young people, but at the same time, poses complicated challenges in the aspect of economic socialization. The youth actively adjusts to economic realities, as well as develops a system of life values that allows achieving top results in the economic sphere. The research methodology includes the analysis of scientific literature, empirical study (associative experiment, diagnostics of the structure of life values according to Shalom Schwartz’s method), and mathematical-statistical analysis. It is established that in modern society, materialistic values and qualities contributing to business success are promulgated among the youth using diverse agents of socialization. In the course of interiorization of social norms, rules and regulations, the student form professional, financial and family values. The process of economic socialization of students contributes to independently earn money, plan expanses and contemplate the ways of saving. The young generation show readiness to living in the conditions of market economy; their values manifest as a strong foundation for the future development of market economy.
Shchuplenkov O.V., . - The Problem of Formation of Innovative Personality in the Modern Society pp. 21-70


Abstract: The article is devoted to the conditions, causes and particular results of the influence of information technologies on the development of innnovative personality. The authors of the article define specific factors contributing to the development of innovative personality as well as political consequences of this phenomenon. One of the fundamental problems of the theory of formation of innovative personality is the absence of the theoretical model with the basic qualities that have been acquired in the process of professional development. From the point of view of the society, innovative personality can be described as a combination of particular qualities. When analyzing the present crisis situation, it is necessary to switch from the subject-oriented technologies to the person-centered methods that require special attention and need to be oriented at formation of new personal qualities rather than the development of new rules, methods and techniques of the educational process. In order to create, develop and implement the 'breakthrough' innovation technologies in modern Russia, the two main conditions are needed: historically developed advantageous socio-political and socio-economic environment on the one hand and well trained human resources on the other hand. 
Gryaznova E.V., Goncharuk A., Khlap A.A., Afanas'ev S.V. - Personification in Information Socialization of Personality: Problems and Reasons Therefore pp. 21-31


Abstract: Under the conditions of developing information society both social system and essential (generic) personality features undergo transformation. These transformations have both positive and negative consequences. Today there are a lot of researches which authors try to find and analyze what causes such transformations. Having analyzed researches devoted to this issue, the authors of the present article discover that researchers ignore one of the main reasons of negative personality transformations which is transformation of socialization process. In the course of their research the authors have studied and analyzed results of both Russian and foreign researches on the matter. The research methodology includes the theory of activity and theory of socialization developed by Nizhi Novgorod Club 'Universum' headed by L. Zelenov as well as the concept of information socialization offered by E. Gryaznova. The results of the research demonstrate that the main reason for personality transformation in the process of information socialization is the replacement of an actual actor of socialization with an informative quasi-actor. At the personalization stage generic features of personality are subject to transformation as a result of changes in structural elements of three main subsystems of culture (informative, praxiological and axiological subsystems). To adjust to rapidly changing conditions created by information culture, human has to change at the level of human essence. The language, activity and communication methods are transformed, too. 
Shabaeva A.V., Mitina G.V., Shaikhatarova T.V. - Psychological characteristics of single women in early adulthood pp. 26-38


Abstract: The subject of the study was the psychological characteristics of single women with different types of loneliness experiences during early adulthood. The empirical object of the study was a sample of women aged 18 to 44 years in the number of 126 people who were not in a relationship, which were divided into three groups depending on age: 40 people from 18 to 27 years, 66 people from 28 to 36 years and 20 people from 37 to 44 years. Within the framework of the research program, methods were used to diagnose the level and type of loneliness experienced and psychological characteristics. Pearson correlation analysis and the Kraskel-Wallis criterion were used to process the data. The materials and conclusions based on them add to the scientific arsenal of knowledge about the psychological characteristics of single women in early adulthood. The main conclusions of the study include the following provisions: 1. Women in early adulthood have a high level of subjective experience of loneliness; 2. The predominant type of loneliness in women in early adulthood is a dissociated type of loneliness; 3. The study participants fall under the criteria of a self-actualizing personality; 4. There is a relationship between the personal characteristics of single women and the types of loneliness experienced 5. Women in the age group from 37 to 44 years are more emotionally stable, active, serene, calm and see life more holistically.
Pecherskiy Y.I. - The Destructive Influence of the Intrapersonal Conflict on the Personality Development of a Would-be Teacher pp. 27-36


Abstract: The subject of the present research article is the destructive intrapersonal conflict that affects the personality development. The object of the research is the students of a teachers' training institute. The author of the article examines such aspects of the topic as the essence of the intrapersonal conflict and its interpretation by foreign and Russian scientists. The author also analyzes the process of experiencing a destructive intrapersonal conflict by students. Based on analysed researches, the author offers his own model for defining the influence of a destructive intrapersonal conflict on students studying pedagogics. At the end of the article the author makes a conclusion about factors demonstrated by pedagogical students when there is a destructive intrapersonal conflict as well as what causes this process. In the course of his research the author has used the basic methods of pedagogical research, in particular, axiomatic and hypothetico-deductive method, inductive method, simulation and interpretative descriptive methods. The author makes his final conclusions in the form of a functional block which demonstrates the structure and methods of teaching activities aimed at defining the influence of a destructive intrapersonal conflict on students' personality development. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author defines particular functions and means that can be used by teachres to define a destructive intrapersonal conflict which, in its turn, may affect the process of personality development of a would-be teacher. 
Shabaeva A.V., Mitina G.V., Strel'nikova A.A. - The peculiarities of coping behavior of the women with different family status pp. 27-44


Abstract: The goal of this research is to examine the peculiarities of psychological protection among women with different family status. The subject of this research is the mechanisms of psychological defense, coping strategies, marital coping, situational and personal anxiety, and satisfaction with marriage. The empirical object is the sampling of 73 women with different marital status aged from 18 to 40 years. Pearson correlation coefficient and Kruskal–Wallis H test were used for data processing. The provided materials and acquired conclusion augment the scientific knowledge on the peculiarities of psychological protection and coping behavior of women, and possibilities of rendering psychological aid for the development of  adaptive behavior in stressful environment and constructive behavioral strategies. The following conclusions were made: 1) majority of young women regardless of their marital status, have a high level of constructive behavior; equally high rate of denial and compensation as the mechanisms of psychological protection; 2) there are differences in the scale of repression as psychological protection; his indicator prevails among unmarried women who have a permanent sexual partner, unlike the other three groups; 3) positive correlation is observed between personal anxiety and projection, indirect actions and compensation, cautious actions and intellectualization, aggressive actions and substitution. The author determines a strong positive correlation between the avoiding style and projection, selfish style and projection, conflicting style and aggressive actions. The average negative correlation is revealed between conflicting style and satisfaction with marriage.
Kim A.E. - Interrelation between the types of self-attitude and self-regulation of laziness in young individuals with different degree of self-regulation of behavior pp. 28-39


Abstract: The subject of this research is self-attitude and self-regulation of laziness in young individuals, who combine work and study. The article provides a brief theoretical overview of the research that prove interrelation between self-attitude and self-regulation of behavior and laziness. Using the quartilization procedure of the values of individual indicators, the author determined the groups with different degree of self-regulation of behavior; established the leading types of self-attitude of young individuals with different level of self-regulation of behavior. The presence and specificity of true links between the types of self-attitude with external and internal evaluative grounds and the severity of self-regulation of laziness in different contexts that provoke manifestations of laziness in young people with different level of self-regulation of behavior. Young individuals with high self-regulation of behavior demonstrate interconnectedness between self-regulation of laziness and types of self-attitude with internal evaluative grounds in execution of learning task, with external and internal evaluative grounds in execution of work task. The author underlines the importance of positive self-attitude for maintaining self-regulation of laziness. Interrelation between the types of self-attitude with both, external and internal evaluative grounds in execution of learning or work tasks are detected among the respondents with pronounced self-regulation above and below the average. Among young people with low self-regulation of behavior, the types of self-attitude with external evaluative grounds in conducting learning activity, the types of self-attitude with external and internal evaluative grounds in execution of work task, are interconnected with self-regulation of laziness. The reveled peculiarities should be taken into account in planning the educational and work process.
Zakharkin D.D. - Classification of Contemporary Personality Theories pp. 31-55


Abstract: In this article the analysis of classifications modern theories of the personality is carried out. The classifications offered by domestic authors D. A. Leontyev, K. A. Abulkhanova and foreign Robert Freydzher, James Feydimen, Larry Hell, Daniel Zigler are considered. It is noted that to the newest theories of the personality in modern science it is possible otnesti:1) to theory which started being formed after 1950, 2) these theories strongly departed from Siegmund Freud's ideas, 3) theories are synthesis of the previous theories of the personality. In article modern theories of the personality are classified on: archaic, east, prestklassichesky, classical, postklassicheky, the latest. The newest theories of the personality are in turn classified on polymetric and monometric. The purpose of the present article is representation of original classification of modern theories of the personality including both domestic and foreign theories, on the one hand, from other party considering variety of modern approaches. At the heart of classification of the latest theories of the personality, consideration of positions of domestic and foreign authors on the following components of theories: outlook of the author, mentality nature, determinancy of behavior, theory basis, localization, development, tasks of the personality, structure of the personality, levels of the personality, approaches to studying of the personality, harmonious personality, perspective direction.
Berezina T.N. - The Influence of Biological Factors on Life Expectancy in a Twin Couple pp. 36-45


Abstract: Biological factors that influence life expectancy (except for heredity) traditionally include: gender and causes of death. Heredity defines genetic determination of a life path, gender represents a biological factor which influence is conditioned by culture, causes of death can be endogenous (death as a result of natural causes) and exogeneous (death caused by environment factors). The impact of both causes of death considerably depends on the social environment. In her research Berezina has used a classical twin method to collect empirical data and analyzed 172 twin couples including 100 monozygotic couples. The novelty is caused by the fact that Berezina uses a one-factor dispersion analysis ANOVA to assess the influence of the aforesaid factors on life expectancy. The method allows not only to compare the roles of heredity and environment (which is quite traditional for psychogenetics) but also to evaluate the effect of other factors on an individual's life expectancy. The results of the research have proved patterns that have been already recorded by demographic studies: death causes have the greater influence on life expectancy and violent deaths reduce one's length of life twice as much as natural cuases. At the present time gender also influences life expectancy and women have a higher life expectancy. The role of heredity is more important than that of the environment, however, heredity is represented only as tendencies. The author suggests to use her method to further evaluate the importance of more complex environmental and personality factors. 
Popova A.V., . - Student's Social Adaptation in Modern Cross-Cultural Conditions pp. 46-60


Abstract: The article considers the problem of student's social adaptation in today's cross-cultural conditions. The author presents the thematic planning of psychological training as a factor of future teachers' social adaptation in modern cross-cultural environment. Research of S. Tarasova and A. Popova shows that most of today's students are not socially adapted to work in an educational institution and do not have cross-cultural competence. The psychological training is a form of active learning, allowing to develop skills from the future specialist in the construction of social productive interpersonal relationships, to analyze the psychological situation from his point of view and partner’s point of view. It helps to develop the knowledge and understanding of themselves and others in the process of cross-cultural interaction.
Krasnyanskaya T.M., Tylets V.G. - Opportunities of the Scenario Approach to the Development of Personal Psychological Safety pp. 67-78


Abstract: The subject of the present research article is the application of the scenario approach to the development of personal psychological safety. In the course of the research the authors have extrapolated opportunities of the scenario approach developed on the basis of economic and political issues to the practice of assisting a patient in developing his or her psychological safety. The scenario approach to the development of personal psychological safety is defined by the authors as a methodological means supporting the creation of the necessary future based on determination and special arrangement of events that are important for a patient as well as means and resources needed for their development. The material presented in the article is based on the results of application of the basic theoretical research methods including analysis and synthesis, analogy, transfer, and generalization. The scientific novelty of the materials presented in the article is caused by the fact that the authors offer their own interpretation of the scenario approach in terms of the development of personal psychological safety as well as their own description of stages of the scenario approach application, advantages and limitations of the scenario approach applied in the process of self-development of psychological safety, and analyze opportunities of using a number of the scenario approach methods for this purpose (the two-axis method, two-branch method, and the accuracy conus). At the end of the article the authors make a conclusion that it is beneficial to use the scenario approach to the self-development of personal psychological personality. 
Berezina T.N. - Probabilistic Approach to Life Expectancy in Contemporary Theories of Aging pp. 93-106


Abstract: The possibility of application of probabilistic approach for an assessment of individual life expectancy is shown in modern theories of aging. Probabilistic approach is defined from psychogenetics positions, is claimed that individual life expectancy is affected by three factors: heredity, Wednesday, and also a factor of genetiko-environmental interaction which taking into account activity of the person – the subject of the course of life, it is possible to call personal. Is shown that originally probabilistic model has to not only consider norm of reaction of a sign "individual life expectancy", but also influence on her of own activity of the personality. The analysis of modern theories of aging is carried out: theories of existence of genes of death, the theory of internal clocks, mitochondrial theories of aging, not genetic, stochastic theories, etc. will be selected. It is claimed that within any model of aging individual life expectancy is dependent not only from the factors assumed in her, but also has a probabilistic gap which depends on the personality organizing the life. As one of such factors the personal organization of time is offered. 
Shantyr Y. - Standardization of base concepts and terms of practical psychology pp. 99-117


Abstract: In modern terms psychology and her practical realization appear, by how hardly not only science to that looks are turned in search of answer for the pressing questions of today and determination of the practical operating under an exit from crisis situations. At the same time practical psychology today yet is not a perfect enough instrument for the decision of issues of the day of man and society on the whole. In a great deal it is explained by a variety and ambiguousness of the base terms and concepts, used in practical psychology, that not only complicates the professional mutual relations of psychologists but also puts under doubts in a number of cases semantic interpretation of activity of practical psychologist and very often distorts essence and specific of profession in public consciousness. In the article offered and base concepts and terms of practical psychology, that, not denying all numerous theoretical works in psychology, create compatible, are reasonable in theory increases of her efficiency and to the height of social meaningfulness, that it is extremely necessary in the conditions of growth of the crisis phenomena in modern society. In-process set forth and such base concepts and terms of practical psychology, as determination of psychology, as sciences, concept of personality, interpretation of psychical processes and their classification, are reasonable in theory.The scientific novelty of the article consists in the acceptable to all schools and directions unitization of base concepts and terms of practical psychology. To the base concepts and terms we attributed determination of psychology, as sciences, concept of personality, interpretation of psychical processes and their classification. Generalizing material, we offer the next theoretical ground of the indicated terms and concepts for practical psychology:Psychology is science about psychical processes and behavior of man, as personality.Personality is a man, as carrier of creative consciousness. A psychical process is certain odnonapravlennoe property of consciousness. Classification of psychical processes :1. Intellectual psychical processes.2. Emotional psychical processes.3. Functional psychical processes.4. Spiritual psychical processes.
Kulagina N.V. - Intrapersonal gender conflict in occupational roles of men and women: the state of the problem and some ways to solve it pp. 138-228


Abstract: This article describes the phenomenon of "intrapersonal gender conflict in occupational roles", a relatively new concept in modern psychology which manifests itself in modern men and women. The causes, the maladaptive and destructive effects on mental and physical health, the process of personal and professional self-actualization, and the sphere of interpersonal relations are shown through an analysis of the results of studies undertaken by various researchers. The article also provides results of empirical studies of interpersonal manifestations of gender conflict in the occupational roles of modern men and women who work in so-called "gender-typical" and "gender-atypical" occupations. It lists the personal characteristics (identified empirically by the author) which can help individuals to avoid or overcome the negative impact of the factors contributing to the emergence of gender conflict in occupational roles. In addition, the article presents solutions to this problem by codifying effective ways, suggested by various authors, in which to correct intrapersonal gender conflicts. These ideas will be useful in the practice of psychologists, therapists, and other professionals involved in dealing with psychological problems.
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