Статья 'Психологические аспекты развития дошкольника в системе свободного воспитания Монтессори.' - журнал 'Современное образование' - NotaBene.ru
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > Editorial board > Peer-review process > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Online First Pre-Publication > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Modern Education
Reference:

Psychological Aspects of Preschooler's Development in Montessori Education

Baranova Elena Mikhailovna

Post-graduate student of the Department of Legal Studies at Udmurt State University

123056, Moscow, ul. B. Gruzinskaya 42, pom. 1, komn. 12

aj.gh@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2306-4188.2013.2.8873

Review date:

18-05-2013


Publish date:

1-6-2013


Abstract: The author of the article offers a psychological analysis of Maria Montessori method of preschool education. The author analyzes principles of development of child's abilities in free education and compares them to Lev Vygotsky's theory of the development of higher cognitive functions as well as Vladimir Druzhinin's theory of creative abilities. The author also provides the results of T. N. Berezina's experimental research of development of abilities. The author underlines that the most important goal of the preshool age and primary school age is to develop voluntary activity. Voluntary activity lies in the basis of development of higher cognitive functions (voluntary attention and memory). Without voluntary activity it would be impossible to develop child's self-control both over behavior and physiological processes. Child's voluntary activity is first formed by an adult who teaches a child to control his behavior. The author of the article makes a conclusion that free up-bringing is good for developing some abilities and talents while focused education is good for developing other abilities. Therefore, free education is good only for preschoolers because it allows to develop their creative abilities.


Keywords: development of abilities, voluntary activity, abilities, preshool age, Montessori education, up-bringing, classical didactics, pedagogy, mental (cognitive) functions, creativity
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Afanas'eva T.I.. Uchit' po Montessori: (Iz opyta raboty). M. Mosk. tsentr Montessori, 1996, 48 s.
2.
Berezina T.N. Issledovanie vnutrennego mira cheloveka metodom analiza kharakteristik mysli i obraza. // Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 1999. T. 20. № 5. S. 27.
3.
Berezina T.N. Ob''ektivnoe izmerenie polozhitel'nykh emotsii u studentov kak sostavlyayushchaya otsenki bezopasnosti obrazovatel'noi sredy. // Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie www.psyedu.ru. 2013. № 1. S. 41-50.
4.
Berezina T.N. Al'truisticheskoe povedenie i uspekh v zhizni. // Psikhologiya i psikhotekhnika. 2011. № 3. S. 67-76.
5.
Berezina T.N. Vospitanie dobra kak psikhologopedagogicheskaya problema vysshei shkoly. // Alma mater (Vestnik vysshei shkoly). 2013. № 2. S. 62-66.
6.
Berezina T.N. O razvitii dukhovnykh sposobnostei cheloveka. // Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo gumanitarnogo universiteta im. M.A. Sholokhova. Pedagogika i psikhologiya. 2010. № 2. S. 23-30.
7.
Berezina T.N. Razvitie kognitivnykh sposobnostei v protsesse obucheniya.//Vestnik MGGU im. M.A.Sholokhova. Seriya « Pedagogika i psikhologiya » № 4, 2009, s.6-19.
8.
Berezina T.N. Razvitie sposobnostei kak gumanisticheskaya sostavlyayushchaya obrazovaniya// Alma mater (Vestnik vysshei shkoly).-2009.-7.-S. 19-25.
9.
Vygotskii L. S. . Pamyat' i ee razvitie v detskom vozraste. Psikhologiya pamyati. M.2002.
10.
Gutkina N.I. Psikhologicheskaya gotovnost' rebenka k shkole. SPb.: Piter, 2007.
11.
Druzhinin V. N. Psikhologiya obshchikh sposobnostei — SPb.: Izdatel'stvo «Piter», 2007. — 368 s
12.
Druzhinin V. N., Khazratova N. V. Eksperimental'noe nasledovanie formiruyushchego vliyaniya mikrosredy na kreativnost' // Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 1994. № 4.
13.
Konstantinov N.A., Medynskii E.N., Shabaeva M.F. Istoriya pedagogiki. M.: Prosveshchenie, 1982. .
14.
Montessori. M Sbornik opublikovannykh fragmentov knig // Sostavitel' M.V. Boguslavskii. M.: Izdatel'skii Dom Shalvy Aminashvili 1999-224 s.
15.
Rean A. A., Bordovskaya N. V., Rozum S. I. Psikhologiya i pedagogika.-SPb.: Piter, 2002.-432 s.:
16.
Sumnitel'nyi K. E.. Teoriya i praktika kosmicheskogo vospitaniya v pedagogicheskoi sisteme M. Montessori : Dis. ... kand. ped. nauk : 13.00.01 : Moskva, 1999 184 c.
17.
Khiltunen E.A. Prakticheskaya Montessori-pedagogika: kniga dlya pedagogov i roditelei / E.A.Khiltunen.-M.: Astrel': ACT, 2010.-399 s..
18.
Shadrikov V.D. Psikhologiya sposobnostei: Khrestomatiya. M: MPSU, 2012.
19.
Esser V., Wilde Chr. Montessori-schulen, 1991.
20.
Strizhius E.I. Vliyanie «trevozhnosti vypusknika» na uspeshnost' sdachi starsheklassnikami vypusknykh ekzamenov (EGE i GIA)//Psikhologiya obucheniya. – 2012. – № 12.
21.
E.M. Spirova Kak formirovalas' ideya vospitaniya? // Pedagogika i prosveshchenie. - 2013. - 1. - C. 53 - 59. DOI: 10.7256/2306-434Kh.2013.01.6.
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.


Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website