Modern Education
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Modern Education" > Contents of Issue 03/2020
Contents of Issue 03/2020
Developing pedagogical technologies
Mikhailova T.A. - Socio-pedagogical support as a method for improving quality of education for the students with special adaptive needs in the conditions of a professional institution pp. 1-10

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2020.3.33942

Abstract: This article discusses the questions of organization of socio-pedagogical support of students with various disabilities in the process of professional becoming. The object of this research is the professional education of students with disabilities, while the subject is the process of arrangement of socio-pedagogical support for students with special learning needs. The article reveals the concept of a “student with special adaptive needs”, describes the most relevant spheres and levels of adaptivity that directly affect the quality education of students with health limitations. Special attention is given to the theoretical aspects of organizing support for students with disabilities, making emphasis on the importance of socio-pedagogical support in professional becoming of the students of such category. The author underlines that the use of socio-pedagogical support in organization of educational process for students with special adaptive needs contributes to the qualitative change in the level of adaptive capabilities. The novelty of this work consists in determination of characteristics of adaptive needs of the students and adaptive capabilities in educational process; as well as in description of the essence and content of socio-pedagogical support for students of this category at different stages of mastering profession, principles of its organization and implementation technique. The conclusion is made on the need for implementation of socio-pedagogical support in a professional educational institution. The author demonstrates the impact of socio-pedagogical support upon the quality of preparation of viable specialist among students with special adaptive needs, which is confirmed in the course of experimental work. The article may be valuable for specialists, pedagogues and heads of educational institutions who implement inclusive professional education.
Educational psychology
Berezina T.N., Temirkanova A.Y., Bortuleva N.L., Svilo Y.V. - Restoration of working capacity using VR technologies among individuals combining work and study pp. 11-20

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2020.3.32834

Abstract: The subject of this research is the dynamics of functional states of individuals who combine work and studying for master’s degree. The author thoroughly describes in the possibilities of using modern virtual reality technologies to restore the working capacity of master’s degree students. The article provides the data of empirical study that involved men and women aged 22 to 53 years studying for a master's degree. Restoration of working capacity was conducted by viewing virtual scenes in a special helmet for 10-15 minutes before the lectures. The obtained results demonstrate the decline in situational fatigue, mental tiredness and performance impairment indicators after the virtual reality sessions. The author also determined a tendency towards the influence of chronic fatigue syndrome on multiple negative mental state indicators of the respondents. At the same time, after carrying out a training with the use of VR technologies, the effect of chronic fatigue syndrome on mental states decreases, while among the master’s degree students who were not involved in the experiment , it increases. At the same time, after training with the use of VR technologies, the effect of chronic fatigue syndrome on mental States decreases, while for undergraduates who were not exposed to VR technologies, it increases.
Education
Bulaeva N.A., Moskalev A.V. - Best school innovations within the system of public education in 2019, implemented with state grant support pp. 21-33

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2020.3.32884

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the results of implementation of educational innovations within the framework of state grant support of 2019. The subject of this research is the best school innovations of 2019 within the system of public education aimed at formation of technological, digital, and preprofessional competences of students based in creation of modern teaching models, environment in, development of functional thinking, and socialization of school students by means of engaging into personal and socially beneficial activity. The results of innovation activity of the grantees are presented by the latest educational and methodological, practice-oriented inventions, creation of the modern models of training, upbringing and development of the students, as well as interest in innovation activity among the pedagogues. As a result of the conducted research, the author highlighted the best and most socially beneficial projects with regards to the regions on implementation of digital technologies in the educational process; integration of public education and extended activities; development of the effective mechanisms for formation of functional literacy among students; elaboration of the models for preventing delinquent behavior among students; as well as model solutions on realization of most recent practice-oriented inventions aimed at improvement of the quality of education. The conclusion is made on the social significance of state support with regards to implementation of innovative projects of educational organizations, which would create prerequisites for the development of educational system of the country.
Pedagogy
Savchenko E.V. - Usage of basic problem-solving techniques in the discipline of general physics in higher school pp. 34-48

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2020.3.31599

Abstract: The subject of this research is the process of teaching students to solve problems in the discipline of general physics on their own, as well as develop skills of future engineers to break up the solution of the problem into stages. The article is aimed ad generalization, elaboration and implementation of the basic problem-solving techniques higher school based on the preliminary compiled classification of problems in accordance with certain characteristics. The author develops educational and methodological support for the discipline of general physics as the means of training students to solve problems on their own. The following methods were applied in the course of this work: analysis of psychological, pedagogical and scientific-methodical literature; analysis of curricula, textbooks, problem books, guidebooks on natural science disciplines, modeling of class activity of the students; empirical methods of observation, conversation, survey. As a result, the author incorporates the existing problem-solving techniques into the system, based on which students are capable to go through all stages of solving the problem on their own, better understand the study material, and acquire essential skills for articulation of the problem. The examples are provided on step-by-step solution of different types of problems on the topic “Calculation of an electrical network”.
Danilova O.A., Antonov E.A., Tereshkin I.L. - Modern Russian practice of teaching calligraphy to elementary school students: approaches, techniques, educational and methodological support pp. 49-58

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2020.3.32655

Abstract: The subject of this research is the existing practice of teaching calligraphic writing  to elementary school students, as well as approaches, techniques, educational and methodological support used in this process. Special attention is given to the compliance of the applied methods to the requirement of the Federal State Educational Standards of primary education, problem areas in the process of teaching calligraphic writing to children, development and implementation of the advanced teaching techniques, as well as training of teachers on the matter. The object of this research the opinions and data received from the teachers, representatives of science and system of vocational training for teachers. Methodology includes sociological survey and methods of mathematical and statistical processing of sociological data. The respondents became 26,312 teachers of public elementary schools, as well as 88 representatives of scientific organizations and educational organizations of vocational training for teachers, The novelty lies in the formation of substantiated objective data on the existing practice and methodological support of the process of teaching calligraphy to children, as well as in determination of problem areas in this sphere. The obtained results underline the importance of development of modern methods and teaching techniques, including multimedia and interactive technologies, as well as advanced training programs for elementary school teachers, and education of parents and children on the value of calligraphic writing for increasing motivation and interest to successful mastering of this skill.
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