Статья 'О психологической неэффективности наказания как воспитательного средства' - журнал 'Психолог' - NotaBene.ru
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Concerning Unefficiency of Punishment as a Method of Up-Bringing

Siromakha Ol'ga

master of science of the Department of Psychological Counseling at Moscow Region State University

105005, Russia, Moscow, ul. Radio 10а




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Abstract: The level of tension and aggression have been growing lately. The government is trying to fight against aggression by stiffening penalties. Parents and mentors often do the same when they try to make children obey them. There is a belief that punishment is an essential part of up-bringing and we need to use punishment in order to bring up a healthy personality. The author of the article views punishment in terms of its efficiency and after-effect. The author also views consequences of such a method of up-bringing as competitiveness. Based on the analysis and review of literature, researches, articles and theses created by Russian and foreign authors, the author compares opinions of different researchers on the matter. The author describes other researchers' evidence that spanking and other kinds of cruel punishment applied to a child increase his aggression and cognitive decline while softer kinds of punishment develop infantile behavior, low self-esteem and psychological defense. The author gives examples on how we can make prohibition and enforcement less traumatic for a child. It is concluded that all kinds of punishment cause the result which is absolutely opposite to the results the parents are aimed at. On the other hand, friendly relations between parents and children help to develop the altruistic personality and communication skills. 

Keywords: parent-child relationship, aggression, physical punishment, efficiency of punishment, alternative to punishment, compassion, enforcement, altruistic personality, friendly relations, life satisfaction
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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