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The Problem of Proactivity in Psychology of Health

Erzin Alexander Igorevich

PhD in Psychology

Docent, the department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Orenburg State Medical University

460000, Russia, g. Orenburg, ul. Sovetskaya, 6






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Abstract: The article is devoted to the current trends in researches in the sphere of psychology of health eloquently testify to consolidation of positions of positive psychology in the field of studying of factors of psychoprevention and psychohygiene. One of such personal factors, according to the author, pro-activity as a basis of the self-determined behavior acts. The analysis of a current state of a problem of pro-activity is presented in article in psychological researches. Leading criteria and parameters of pro-active behavior through which prism the author suggests to consider psychological health and its communication with effective functioning of the personality are allocated. The author's model of pro-activity in the standard aspect, including the motivational block, the block of the analysis and the behavioural block is presented. The short characteristic is given to structural components of pro-active behavior which, according to the author, include resistence, self-efficiency, metarequirements, an internal locus of control, dispositional optimism, valuable and life orientations of the personality. The pro-activity role in a sovladaniye with a stress, in overcoming of psychological consequences of somatic diseases is shown. The interrelation of pro-active behavior and quality of life is reflected in advanced age. The author notes intensive penetration of ideas of positive psychology into psychology clinical and sees prospect of further researches of functioning of the personality in close connection with studying of personal predictors of pro-activity.

Keywords: proactiveness, proactive behavior, theory of self-determination, psychology of health, self-efficiency, positive psychology, coping, optimism, persistence, successful aging
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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