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Psychologist
Reference:

Soviet Psychotechnics: Social Biography of the Research and Practice Movement

Artemeva Ol'ga Arkadjevna

Doctor of Psychology

Professor, the department of Social, Extreme, and Penitentiary Psychology, Irkutsk State University

664025, Russia, g. Irkutsk, ul. Chkalova, 2, kab. 406

oaartemeva@yandex.ru
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2306-0425.2014.2.12015

Review date:

17-03-2014


Publish date:

1-4-2014


Abstract: The history of domestic psychology of the 1920-1930th represents rare naukovedchesky material. At this time under the influence of unique social conditions growth and elimination of a number of scientific and practical currents – psychoanalysis, pedology, psychoequipment was observed. The appeal to history of development of each of these currents allows to open essential regularities of social determination of science. In the represented work on the basis of the analysis historical and scientific, including archival, materials the social biography of the Soviet psychoequipment is reconstructed. Tragic destinies of her leaders I.N. Shpilreyn and S.G. Gellerstein are represented. Stages of the social biography of a psychotechnical current as subject of scientific activity are allocated. The characteristic of social conditions of its formation and elimination in the Soviet Russia is given. As result of social determination of development of a current change of methodological installations of the Soviet psychotechnicians is traced. At reconstruction of "the social biography" of the Soviet psychoequipment the main publications and private papers of her scientific leaders, results of historical and psychological researches and official documents regulating activity of the Soviet psychotechnicians in 1920-1930 were analyzed. The carried-out work allowed to draw a conclusion on dependence of development of a scientific and practical current on such social conditions, as economic, ideological and political. The special attention is paid to ambivalent nature of influence of the Soviet scientific policy: on the one hand, repressions concerning experts scientists led to suppression of a research initiative and weakening of scientific and technical capacity of the country, with another – the Soviet scientific policy promoted merger of scientific community on the basis of the general methodological principles.


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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