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Psychologist
Reference:

Communicative Competence as a Factor of Successful Adaptation of Students with Disabilities

Teryushkova Yuliya Yur'evna

senior lecturer of the Department of the Theory and Methodology of General and Vocational Training at Petrozavodsk State University

185030, Russia, Petrozavodsk, str. Baltiiskaya, 51

t7i@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8701.2016.6.19806

Review date:

20-07-2016


Publish date:

24-01-2017


Abstract: The object of the research is the adaptation of freshmen, the subject of the reserch is their communicative competence as a factor of successful adaptation to studying at a University. The author of the article views such aspects of the topic as the process of adaptation to studying at a University, factors that have a good impact on adaptation of freshmen, and peculiarities of adaptation of students with health disabilities. The author defines a factor of successful adaptation to University studies, i.e. communicative competence, as the factor that can be influenced, thus increasing adaptation abilities of freshmen. The research consisted of three stages. The first one was the initial diagnostics, the second stage was a communicative competence training and the third stage was the final diagnostics. The research methods included: analysis of social and psychological adaptation offered by C. Rogers and R. Daymond, overall communicability evaluation by V. Ryakhovsky, communicative social competence inventory by N. Fetiskina, V. Kozlov and G. Manuylov, communicative skills test by L. Michelssohnen (adapted by Yu. Gilbukh), and questionnaire to assess the level of satisfaction with University studies. The main conclusion of the research is that an important factor of successful adaptation of students with disabilities is their communicative skills. Students with a high level of communicative competence or students who get an opportunity to take communication trainings at the first stage of their University studies overcome the adaptation period faster and better an ddemonstrate a higher level of  being ready to continue education in their major. The main contribution of the author to the topic is the development and testing of a series of trainings aimed at developing communicative skills of freshmen with disaiblities and freshment without disabilities. 


Keywords: factors maladjustment, University studies, successful adaptation, skills training, students with disabilities, adaptation factors, communicative competence, communicative competence diagnostics, adaptation of freshmen, Freshmen support program
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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