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Psychologist
Reference:

Managing the audience attention using object-hierarchical method of modelling and dosing of the information (on the example of a training session)

Sennitskaya Elena Vladimirovna

Mater's Degree student of the Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology at Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University

630090, Russia, Nso oblast', g. Novosibirsk, ul. Tereshkovoi, 33, kv. 58

lenasen@ngs.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8701.2016.4.19908

Review date:

30-07-2016


Publish date:

01-09-2016


Abstract: The object of the research is the attention of school and college students while they are percepting the information in different amounts and with different hierarchical structure. The work is devoted to the problem of how the attention of listener depends on the structuring and dosing of the information. The main objective is to develop recommendations on how to structure and dose verbal, mathematical and motional information to avoid the attention wandering and discipline breaching that arise because of lack of information or its redundancy. The additional objective is the development of the easy-to-use method of calculating of the amount of verbal information that can be used as a instrument of modelling of the training session. Methods of research are an empirical study in the form of monitoring of the activities of school and university teachers, as well as a natural experiment with students of 1, 3, 5 and 6 grades and students of 1–2 college courses. The content of training conducted by the author or another teacher was modeled in the form of object-hierarchical scheme. Further, by observation and audio recording changes in attention of subjects were indicated.The result of this study was the conclusion that when the abstract objects are revealed by less than 3 or more than 5 concrete ones, listeners experience the attention wandering and the discipline breaching. In case when the abstract objects are revealed by 3–5 concrete ones the teacher can easily maintain discipline during all the lesson at condition that the lesson is formed as a hierarchical structure with 4–5 branches, each of them with depth of 3–5 hierarchy levels. The findings of research can be used in teaching, advertising, political and clinical psychology.


Keywords: attention of listener, measure the information, measure the verbal information, text structure, structure of information, information structure, attentional capacity, quantity of information, attention of reader, hierarchical structure
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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