Статья 'Когнитивная закрытость и установки в межличностных отношениях' - журнал 'Психолог' - NotaBene.ru
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Cognitive Closure and Attitudes in Interpersonal Relationships

Yasin Miroslav Ivanovich

PhD in Sociology

associate professor of the Psychological Department at Plekhanov Russian University of Economics

117997, Russia, Moskovskaya oblast', g. Moscow, per. Stremyannyi, 36, of. kafedra Psikhologii

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Abstract: Cognitive closure is a mechanism of cognitive activity that saves one's psyche from excessive, contradictory and needless information. This construct is widely used to describe cognitive styles and explain certain socio-psychological mechanisms, mass communications psychology and psychology of religion. Apparent cognitive closure relates to such factors as stereotypization, dogmatism, rigidity of attitudes and aggressive response to conflicts. The author makes an assumption that in order to save psyche from needless information, one may try to avoid communication, certain types of interpersonal relationships or excessive involvement. The hypothesis was experimentally proved based on the research that involved 140 people. The author has used such diagnostic tests as Cognitive Closure Orientation by A. Kruglyansky and Destructive Attitudes in Interpersonal Relationships Test by V. Boyko. The results of the research prove the following: cognitive closure and communicative attitudes are mostly related through the assertiveness parameter. Thus, assertiveness has a negative correlation with most cognitive closure factors. In the same way, accumulation of negative impressions of communication with others has a negative correlation with love for order, assertiveness and cognitive closure. 

Keywords: defense mechanisms, cognitive processes, communication, determination, interpersonal relationships, aggression, cognitive style, cognitive closure, locus of control, cognitive dissonance
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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