Статья 'Что такое внимание? ' - журнал 'Психолог' - NotaBene.ru
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Psychologist
Reference:

What is Attention?

Sennitskaya Elena Vladimirovna

Mater's Degree student of the Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology at Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University

630090, Russia, Nso oblast', g. Novosibirsk, ul. Tereshkovoi, 33, kv. 58

lenasen@ngs.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8701.2018.3.23373

Review date:

19-06-2017


Publish date:

13-08-2018


Abstract: The subject of the study is attention, the main task is to explain the fact established as a result of observations of the course of school and university teachers, as well as as a result of a natural experiment conducted by the author. The article discusses the reasons why is the maximum attention with minimal willed effort achieved in case when each object that needs to be opened is explained with the help of 3-5 objects known to the reader or listener which are on the same level in the hierarchical system of the information presented. In other words, in this paper we propose an explanation of why 3-5 interrelated objects, facts or examples, illustrating a certain concept or rule, reliably attract the attention of the reader or listener, while a smaller or larger number is perceived as insufficient or excessive, respectively. This paper is a theoretical study based on the methodological principle of the unity of consciousness and activity. It analyzes the existing definitions of attention and compares them with the above results, obtained experimentally. The novelty of the study is to develop the definition of attention as a concept related to the quantity and hierarchical structure of perceived information. A hypothesis was also put forward that the connection of the object with 3-5 others is perceived as important, attracting attention, because attention sets are conditioned by the structure of the human body and its activity in the process of filo- and ontogenesis.


Keywords: oscillation of the set, involuntary attention, voluntary attention, attention and emotions, attention and abstracting, formula of attention, attention and activity, definition of attention, attention, category of non-randomness
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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