Psychologist
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Psychologist" > Contents of Issue ¹ 02/2021
Contents of Issue ¹ 02/2021
Clinical psychology
Novikova K.V. - Psychological correction of neuropsychiatric state of people who have suffered a stroke in the conditions of sensory room pp. 1-19

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2021.2.35461

Abstract: The subject of this research is the examination of capabilities of psychological correction of neuropsychiatric state of people who have suffered a stroke in the conditions of sensory room. The goal consists in correction of neuropsychiatric state of people who have suffered a stroke. The methodological framework is comprised on the provisions of V. L. Zhevnerov, L. B. Baryaeva, Y. S. Gallyamova on the therapeutic effect of sensory room; provisions on effect of color upon the emotional state of a person formulated by M. Lüscher., G. G. Vorobyov, V. V.  Nalimov. V. M. Elkin. The article provides the results of experimental research of the capabilities of psychological correction of neuropsychiatric state of people who have suffered a stroke in the conditions of sensory room. The theoretical importance of this work consists in systematization of theoretical positions on the subject matter. The practical significance consists in the fact that the acquired results can be applied by practical or clinical psychologist in working with people who have suffered a stroke, in rehabilitation institutions, as well as with people with disabilities. The scientific novelty lies in substantiation of the effect of color and light upon the improvement of neuropsychiatric state of people who have suffered a stroke. The acquired results can considerably expand the representations of capabilities of practical work of the clinical psychologist, as well use of the method of chromo therapy. The implementation of such method indicates the improvement of neuropsychiatric state of people who have suffered a stroke: reduction of anxiety; prevalence of hyperthymic type of mental state reflected in such basic emotions as interest and wondering; improvement of the indicators of emotional comfort, adaptivity, acceptance of self and others.
Philosophy and psychology
Pershin Y.Y., Cherevkova T.N. - Archaic mentality and postmodernism. Case study: Special Air Service Regiment (SASR) of the Australian Armed Forces pp. 20-45

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2021.2.33998

Abstract: The object of this research is the archaic mentality as a latent component of the collective and individual consciousness of military personnel of the Special Airborne Service Regiment (SASR) of the Australian Armed Forces. Archaic mentality is examined for determination and clarification of essential characteristics that manifest in the line of duty and execution of combat tasks by the military personnel of the regiment. Such explication of the archaic contents of mentality is facilitated by certain training regimen of military personnel of the units of Special Operations Command that include specific “keys” for activating archaic mentality. The research is structured on the comparative analysis of worldviews/world relations, methods and patterns of constructing reality, behavioral psychology in the archaic and postmodernist paradigms of the specialists/operators of the Special Air Service Regiment (SASR). The conclusion is made that any army unit, one of which is  the Special Air Service Regiment (SASR) of the Australian Armed Forces, is an archaic structure in its essence, with the corresponding collective consciousness, behavioral psychology, and a way of constructing reality. The modern social dynamics and transformations sometimes contain postmodernist attractors and catalysts of postmodernist way of thinking, behavioral psychology, and construction of reality. These characteristics can clearly influence the archaic military structures, although are not capable to make fundamental changes to the essence of these organizations. In the context of substantial (if possible) degeneration of the archaic social structures (including consciousness, way of thinking, and behavioral psychology) into postmodernist, their essence would be lost, and they would no longer fulfill their functions.
Inner world
Ponomarenko I.L., Kondrashikhina O.A., Kadysheva L.B. - Aesthetic consciousness as a predictor of the effectiveness of art therapy in coping with stress pp. 46-58

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2021.2.35427

Abstract: The subject of this research is the aesthetic consciousness as a predictor of the effectiveness of art therapy in coping with stress. The goal of this article consists in studying the aesthetic consciousness as a predictor of the effectiveness of art therapy in dealing with stressful conditions of the individual. The following empirical methods were employed in the course of research: free descriptions technique of D. A. Leontiev, the scale of resistance to sources of stress of E. V. Raspopin; and Spearman's rank correlation criterion for statistical verification of determined trends and data analysis. The research involved 44 respondents – the students of the faculty of Philology of Sevastopol State University, aged from 17 to 23. It is established that resistance to certain sources of stress is clearly associated with the peculiarities of aesthetic consciousness of the individual; the following dependency is traced: the freer the subject feels in describing an aesthetic object, and the more diverse are his aesthetic reasoning, the higher is his stress resistance level in accordance with the component “Self-others” , and at the same time the lower is his resistance to stressors “the Self”. Therefore, in implementation of art therapy techniques for dealing with stressful conditions of the individual, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the development of aesthetic consciousness of the individual, readiness and ability to work with the complex visual stimuli. The scientific novelty of lies in revealing the role of aesthetic consciousness of the individual as a predictor of the effectiveness of art therapy in coping with stress.
Professional psychology
Kucherenko S.V. - The experience of using psychosemantic technique “color-associative experiment” in psychological counseling of students pp. 59-76

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2021.2.34039

Abstract: This article presents a qualitative and quantitative study of personality based on psychosemantic technique “color-associative experiment”. The subject of this research is the theoretical framework, procedure for psychosemantic technique “color-associative experiment”, and the possibilities of its application in psychological counseling of students. For quality data processing and interpretation, the author employs the techniques of free and axial coding (the categories correspond to the axes: conditions, phenomenon, its characteristics, strategy of interaction with the phenomenon, and outcome), which allow the psychologist to acquire a holistic representation on the current state of the respondent. The article provides the materials of empirical study, which involved 15 people; describes the results diagnostics of the bachelor's degree students conducted in terms of distance learning at the Academy for the Humanities and Pedagogy  (branch) of the Crimean Federal University in Yalta (April 2020). The obtained results indicate that the verbal space and perceptive-semantic space are not identical, but mutually complementary, forming a holistic picture of the individual semantic space of personality. On the example of implementation of “color-associative experiment” technique, the respondent (bachelor's degree graduate) is characterized by a neurotic structure of personality. The intrapersonal conflict and resulting emotional tension are accompanied by the pursuit of orderliness and freedom (the verbal component of semantic space), but also indicate the prevalence of variability and lack of constancy in the perceptive semantic space of personality. For comparing the results of perceptive and verbal semantic space, the author offers the schematic image of the coordinate system formed by these two axes and saturated with individual meanings of the respondent. Thus, in the dialogue with the respondent, the psychologist forms a map of the individual semantic space of the latter. The application of the method of “color-associative experiment” indicated the instance of the development of reflection among students.
Developmental psychology
Zalevskaya Y.G. - Real-Self and ideal-Self in the context of studying interpersonal relations of future psychologists pp. 77-88

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8701.2021.2.34091

Abstract: The goal of this research is to analyze the semantic characteristics and conformity of the real-Self and ideal-Self of future psychologists, as well as to determine the key trends in building interpersonal relations. The subject of this research is the images of real-Self and ideal-Self in the context of studying interpersonal relations of future psychologists. The ability to effectively build interpersonal relations, properly assess yourself in the course of communication is the basic skill of future psychologists, which plays a significant role for success of their professional activity. The novelty of this work consists in the analysis of semantic characteristics and coherence of the images of real-Self and ideal-Self in the context of studying interpersonal relations of future psychologists. For achieving the set goal, the author employs T. Leary’s methodology “The Diagnostics of Interpersonal Relations” (adapted by L. N. Sobchik). The conclusions consist in determination of the two opposite trends in interpersonal relations of future psychologists: dominance and cooperation (the first trend prevails in real-Self). The author also established that most octants have the optimal level of coherence between the images of real-Self and ideal-Self, which promotes the effective professional and personal development of future specialists. The acquires results can be used for improving the quality of professional education of future psychologists, as well as in counseling and coaching activities on the development of skills for building interpersonal relations and images of the real-Self and ideal-Self.
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