Статья 'Экономико-правовые формы сотрудничества Советской России и Германии в 1920-е гг.' - журнал 'Мировая политика' - NotaBene.ru
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Economic and legal forms for the cooperation between the Soviet Russia and Germany in 1920s.

Shchuplenkov Nikolai Olegovich

senior lecturer, Department of History, Law and Social Disciplines of the Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute

357600, Russia, Essentuki, ul. Dolina Roz, 7.

veras-nik@yandex.ru
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Shchuplenkov Oleg Viktorovich

PhD in History

Associate Professor, Department of History, Law and Social Disciplines, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute

357600, Russia, Essentuki, ul. Dolina Roz, 7.

oleg.shup@gmail.com
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DOI:

10.7256/2306-4226.2014.1.10705

Review date:

15-02-2014


Publish date:

1-3-2014


Abstract: The article concerns the process of rapprochement between the Soviet Russia and Germany within the concession policy framework. The author establishes the causes for the rapproachment of two states.  The separate peace treaty, which was concluded between the Soviet Russia and the German coalition states in March of 1918 in Brest-Litovsk caused great economic damage to the state. Additionally, the Brest peace treaty served as an excuse for the Allies to introduce the economic isolation regime against Russia.  The attention is paid that cooperation continued, while the states were interested in each other. The documents from the Russian archives, which were lately declassified, prove the presence of contradictions and frictions between the USSR and Germany at that time, which lowered the efficiency of the Rapallo spirit in the mutual trade and economic, political, and military technical connections. At the verge of 1926-1927 there was a rapture in the Soviet-German cooperation. The Germany joined the League of Nations and there was a granite scandal showed the real limit to the cooperation, which was reviewed by 1927 and changed.  With the transfer to the legal forms of cooperation, the military and technical contacts between the parties declined. When the active forefathers of such cooperation (Lenin, Trotskiy, Wirth, Seeckt) were gone, the Soviet government began to doubt the viability of strenghenting the defence potential of hte Soviet Union with the financial and technical support of Germany. When Germany and the USSR entered the global politics, both parties had the opportunities to use alternative partners, and they started trethinking the bilateral relations in military, political, trade and economic spheres. The pragmatic approach of Berlin and Moscow to the mutual cooperation challenged the entire Rapallo course, which lost its political and practical significance for both parties by the late 1920s.


Keywords: Brest-Litovsk peace treaty, Chicherin, G.V., Germany, mining industry, foreign capital, concession, Krasin, L.B., the Rapallo course, the USSR, economic isolation
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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