Статья 'Международный порядок в Арктике: геополитическое измерение' - журнал 'Мировая политика' - NotaBene.ru
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World Politics
Reference:

The International Order in the Arctic: A Geopolitical Dimension

Goltsov Andrey Gennadievich

PhD in Geography

Doctoral candidate, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Institute of International Relations

04119, Ukraine, g. Kiev, ul. Mel'nikova, 36/1

Andrgengolts1@ukr.net

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8671.2017.4.18211

Review date:

03-03-2016


Publish date:

16-01-2018


Abstract: The article investigates geopolitical aspects of the contemporary international order in the Arctic region. Arctic states have not only different political, military and economic interests, but also common ones – primarily environmental. Global warming increases the strategic importance of the Northern Sea Route and the Northwest Passage. The international order in the Arctic region is primarily determined by the provisions of international law, the balance (correlation) of power potentials of the Western states and Russia as well as by geopolitical aspects of interaction between them. The main research methods which have been used are abstraction, analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, geopolitical modeling and comparative political method. In the relations between the Western Arctic states (the USA, Canada, Norway and Denmark) there are contentious issues, but they are not of conflict character. There is revitalization of Arctic geopolitics of the United States and enhancement of its influence on the situation in the region. The Arctic is of vital geostrategic and geoeconomic importance for Russia. Russia seeks to use international legal basis for legitimization of its claims upon extension of the continental shelf in the Arctic and establishment of control over the area of the North Pole. Canada and Denmark put forward similar claims. China is interested in internationalization of the Arctic. The NATO Arctic countries and Russia develop their military potential in the region. Bipolar confrontation in the Arctic between the West and Russia will probably increase. The International institutions particularly the UN and the Arctic Council have limited opportunities for settlement of the disputes. To optimize the regional international order it is necessary to improve the methods of Arctic diplomacy. The establishment of the polycentric order of peaceful interaction in the Arctic region involves reaching a geopolitical compromise between the Western states and Russia.


Keywords: international order, Arctic Council, geopolitical interest, continental shelf, Northern Sea Route, Arctic sector , bipolar confrontation, Arctic diplomacy, geopolitical compromise, polycentric order
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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