Статья 'Водный фактор в турецко-сирийских отношениях' - журнал 'Мировая политика' - NotaBene.ru
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World Politics

Water Factor in Turkish-Syrian Relations

Boyarkina Oxana Aleksandrovna

PhD in Politics

Senior Specialist-Expert of the Federal Agency of Scientific Oerganizations

117279, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Ostrovityanova, 33a, 817

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Abstract: The article focuses on consideration of the Turkish-Syrian conflict on the Euphrates transboundary river. The author analyses main reasons for the formation and development of interstate contradictions on water-share in the context of general political instability in the region. Turkey (has the largest reserves of fresh water) in desires for regional hegemony and uses water as a strategic tool of political pressure on the downstream States suffering from severe water shortage. The author reveals the degree of effectiveness of the concluded agreements and other interstate regulatory legal acts on use of the regional waters of the Euphrates river basin. The article applies a historical-political method for studying the water conflict in historical dynamics. Event-analysis and case-study methods contributed to the analysis of the formation and development of the conflict of interests of Turkey and Syria in the distribution and use of transboundary water resources. The article concludes that the conflict with regard to the water sharing regime of the Euphrates River in the near future is to grow due to an increase of the anthropogenic pressure on the water resources, a climate change that contributes to reduction of the available fresh water for the needs of irrigated agriculture, economic development of the countries of the river basin and human life activity. The lack of political will among the leaders of the neighbouring countries, prevalence of national interests over regional ones do not help to solve the water problem and threaten the political stability in the region.

Keywords: Islamic state, political instability, international law, Turkish-Syrian relations, the Euphrates River, water conflict, transboundary water resources, national interests, water policy, Middle East
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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