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World Politics

Factors of order in the international politics: rethinking Neo-Realist interpretations

Bogdanov Aleksei Nikolaevich

PhD in Politics

Associate Professor at the Department of American Studies of St Petersburg University

199034, Russia, Sankt-Peterburg, g. Saint Petersburg, nab. Universitetskaya, 7-9




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Abstract: The author delves into the three most important Neo-Realist theories forming the basics of the modern understanding of the key patterns of international politics: R. Gilpin’s concept of the global international system, K. Waltz’s concept of the international structure, and H. Bull’s concept of international order. The author focuses on the problems of sustainability of the international order, predictability of states’ behaviour, and compliance of their policy with generally accepted standards and values, which influences international security and determines the urgency of a comprehensive study of this problem. The author uses the method of comparative analysis to detect the key peculiarities of the Neo-Realist interpretation of the notions “system”, “structure” and “order” in the international politics, and critically assesses the adequacy of their explanatory potential in modern geopolitical conditions. The main conclusion of the article is that the Neo-Realist worldview is gradually losing its topicality which can be seen in the fact that system changes are becoming more independent of the dynamics of material wealth distribution structure. Consequently, “anarchy” and the principles of a sovereign state are losing their influence turning into merely descriptive notions stating the absence of a superior sovereign power in the international politics and the formal equality of rights of nation-states. 

Keywords: anarchy, neorealism, international structure, international system, international order, polarity, system change, R. Gilpin, K. Waltz, H. Bull
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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