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World Politics

Asian and African Countries in the United Nations: Soft Power Analysis

Vladimirova Alina V.

Lecturer at the National Research University "The Higher School of Economics" 

107031, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Rozhdestvenka, 12

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Abstract: The Soft power theory is popular among scholars and politicians, however, the nature of this phenomenon can complicate its evaluation, especially in the research, based on quantitative methods. At present, we are facing a trend of rising violence in the world, and soft power indexes, created by consulting agencies, are not enough. They are important indeed, partially because these reports remind us of the alternatives to coercion. But their authors often put emphasis on the states possessing significant political power resources. Probably, it leads to the misperception that countries, which din't have significant hard power resources, are unable to accumulate enough soft power to implement it as a foreign policy tool.The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that this assumption is not always correct. We use the linear regression model to show that Asian and African countries can use soft power in the United Nations even if their hard power is small. The research contains the information on the resolutions of the General Assembly of the United Nations and 124 countries-submitters and co-submitters of resolution drafts in 2001-2015. As we fully admit that soft power indexes are difficult to create and apply, this paper also covers soft power limits and critique.

Keywords: quantitative methods, political power, empirical analysis, soft power critique, African countries, Asian countries, General Assembly resolutions, United Nations, soft power index, resolutions submitters
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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